Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822)
Roho labeo
Labeo rohita
photo by Ramani Shirantha

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Labeoninae
Max. size:  200 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 45 kg; max. reported age: 10 years
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater; brackish; depth range - 5 m, potamodromous
Distribution:  Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal fin with 12-14 1/2 branched rays; lower profile of head conspicuously arched; short dorsal fin with anterior branched rays shorter than head; 12-16 predorsal scales ; snout without lateral lobe (Ref. 43281).
Biology:  Adults inhabit rivers (Ref. 4832). A diurnal species and usually solitary. They burrow occasionally. Feed on plants. Spawning season generally coincides with the southwest monsoon. Spawning occurs in flooded rivers. Fecundity varies from 226,000 to 2,794,000 depending upon the length and weight of the fish and weight of the ovary. Widely introduced outside its native range for stocking reservoirs and aquaculture. Utilized fresh (Ref. 9987).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 20 March 2010 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Established in aquaculture through assisted/artificial reproduction. It has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446), also in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824).

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