Aphareus furca (Lacep├Ęde, 1801)
Small toothed jobfish
Bisugo,  Small toothed jobfish,  Aha-an,  Guntul,  Iwatan,  Madarag,  Maya-maya,  Ngiwatan,  Sagisihon,  Sagision,  Tagisian
Aphareus furca
photo by Allen, G.R.

Family:  Lutjanidae (Snappers), subfamily: Etelinae
Max. size:  70 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 906.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 122 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Reported from Cocos Island in the eastern Pacific (Ref. 9821).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 10-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Description: Head and sides silvery sheen, dorsal purplish brown, ventral blue grey; preopercle and opercle margin dark brown; fins whitish to yellow-brown; nape bright yellow (may be present during courtship), caudal fin yellow (in small juveniles). Body slender, depth 3.0-3.5 in SL. Mouth large; lower jaw protruding; maxilla extending to below middle of the eye; interorbital space flattened. Dorsal scales parallel to LL. Dorsal and anal fins without scales. Pectoral fins long reaching to about level of anus. (Ref. 48635, 90105)
Biology:  Adults inhabit inshore coral and rocky reefs and in clear waters of lagoons (Ref. 9821). Pelagic and benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Occur singly or in small groups. Feed mainly on fishes, but also eat crustaceans. Individuals with brilliant yellow on head may be nuptial males (Ref. 9821). Often curious and approachable (Ref. 9710). Marketed fresh. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 128797.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 04 March 2015 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
Country info:  Reported from Lanuza Bay (Ref. 104756), Sarangani Bay (Ref. 106380), and Bantayan Is. in northern Cebu (Ref. 114734). Also Ref. 53416, 121724.

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