Common names from other countries
Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 130 m (Ref. 1602), usually 30 - 40 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 30°N - 32°S, 117°E - 169°W (Ref. 57377)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, Philippines, Indonesia, Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands and Lord Howe Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980)
soft rays: 7 - 8. Bony part of illicium< 1.8 length of soft dorsal fin base; esca a small bulbous knot of filaments. Has a second dorsal spine not connected to the body by a web of skin and bearing numerous tiny tufts and a filamentous tip.
Lives at moderate depths in sponge zones (Ref. 48635); occurs in seaward reef flats. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178. Coral and Rocky reefs in 0-130 m, more common between 30-40 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 128078)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 28.1, mean 26.8 (based on 42 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).