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Poecilia latipinna (Lesueur, 1821)

Sailfin molly
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Philippines country information

Common names: Bubuntis
Occurrence: introduced
Salinity: freshwater
Abundance: abundant (always seen in some numbers) | Ref:
Importance: of no interest | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Discovered in vast numbers in some saltwater fishponds and salt ponds around Manila Bay in 1929. After 1916, despite orders from Alvin Seale not to distribute the species with the mosquito fish Gambusia affinis, the fish was released in the wild. Found rare in water with salinity as low as 3.1-3.2%, abundant at 3.5% and continues to be so up to 8.7% (its limit of tolerance), entirely disappears at 9.4%. Collected from Obando and Malolos, Bulacan and Malabon. Of no interest for its flesh is bitter. Competes with cultured fish (e.g. Chanos chanos) for algal food ('lab-lab' composed of blue-green algae, diatoms, desmids, filamentous green algae, protozoans and other microscopic animals and ''lumut' or green filamentous algae) that covers the bottom of fishponds (Ref. 12590). Also Ref. 1739, 6096.
National Checklist:
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Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Herre, A.W.C.T., 1929
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Poecilia: Greek, poikilos = with a lot of colours (Ref. 45335);  latipinna: From the latin word latus (stem lat), meaning wide, broad, and pinna for fin (Ref. 79012).
  More on author: Lesueur.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 55263).   Subtropical; 20°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060); 40°N - 16°N, 103°W - 76°W (Ref. 55263)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Cape Fear drainage in North Carolina, USA to Veracruz, Mexico. Introduced to many countries. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 6.7, range 5 - 9.5 cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); 10.0 cm TL (female); common length : 3.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

The large sail-like dorsal fin of the male is the most distinctive characteristic of this fish; coloration can vary from green, gray to jet black; speckled forms also common (Ref. 44091).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in still or gently flowing warm water of small creeks and drains (Ref. 44894). Occurs in ponds, lakes, sloughs, and quiet, often vegetated, backwaters and pools of streams (Ref. 5723) and also in coastal waters (Ref. 7251). Abundant in tidal ditches and brackish canals. Feeds mainly on algae (Refs. 7251; 44091), also consumes animal material: rotifers, small crustaceans (such as copepods and ostracods) and aquatic insects (Ref. 79012).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

After 28 days gestation, this species produces 10 to 100 young.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 February 2019

CITES (Ref. 128078)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest

Human uses

Aquarium: highly commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00760 - 0.02184), b=3.05 (2.91 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; mutiple spawning per year; Fec=10--300).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).