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Planonasus indicus Ebert, Akhilesh & Weigmann, 2018

Eastern dwarf false catshark
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Image of Planonasus indicus (Eastern dwarf false catshark)
Planonasus indicus
Female picture by Ebert, D.A./Akhilesh K.V.


Sri Lanka country information

Common names: [No common name]
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: A gravid femal specimen was landed at Muttur landing site Muttur, Trincomalee Harbour, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. It was taken as bycatch in deep-sea longline fishery for gulper sharks, Centrophorus spp. at 300-600 m in 15 March 2018 (Ref. 119154). Also reported from one specimen taken by deep-sea longline fishery in Mutur, Trincomalee Harbor in the Eastern Province (Ref. 120444).
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Fernando, D., R.M.K. Bown, A. Tanna, R. Gobiraj, H. Ralicki, E.L. Jockusch, D.A. Ebert, K. Jensen and J.N. Caira, 2019
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Pseudotriakidae (False catsharks)
Etymology: Planonasus: planus (L.), flat; nasus (L.), nose, referring to its soft, flat snout. (See ETYFish);  indicus: -icus (L.), belonging to: India, referring to type locality off India in northern Indian Ocean. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 119154).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: India and Sri Lanka.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119154)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its closest congener P. parini by the absence of oral papillae on the roof, tongue, and floor of mouth; no distinct white mark on the free rear tip of the first dorsal fin, sides, and underside of head, and fin edges that are similar in color as body (vs. dusky); greater number of tooth rows in the lower jaw (ca. 153-156 vs. ca. 115-120); shorter upper labial furrows (0.6-0.8 vs. 0.9-1.2% TL and 0.7 vs. 1.0-1.2 times as long as lowers), spiracles longer (1.6 vs. 0.9-1.2% TL) and less high (0.8-0.9 vs. 1.2-1.8% TL); proportionally higher, more angular dorsal fins, especially the second dorsal fin; proportionally longer pectoral fins, larger anal fin; longer precaudal (79.4-79.7 vs. 74.6-79.1% TL), pre-second-dorsal (62.7 vs. 56.6-60.5% TL), pre-first-dorsal (36.5-37.0 vs. 34.5-36.5% TL), prepelvic (52.7-53.4 vs. 47.2-51.4% TL), and snout-anterior vent (56.1-57.1 vs. 50.7-53.9% TL) lengths; shorter distances for preorbital snout (7.3-7.7 vs. 8.3-8.5% TL); prepectoral length (22.7-23.0 vs. 24.0-25.4% TL); pelvic midpoint to second dorsal fin origin (4.8-5.6 vs. 5.6-7.7% TL); pelvic-anal space (4.8-5.2 vs. 5.5-5.8% TL) (Ref. 119154).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Specimens were taken as bycatch in deep-sea longline fishery for gulper sharks (Centrophorus spp.) (Ref. 119154).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ebert, D.A., K.V. Akhilesh and S. Weigmann, 2019. Planonasus indicus sp. n., a new species of pygmy false catshark (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Pseudotriakidae), with a revised diagnosis of the genus and key to the family. Marine Biodiversity 49:1321-1341. (Ref. 119154)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 21 November 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00142 - 0.00972), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).