Biodiversity United Kingdom (GBR)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 359 136 No Wheeler, A., 1992
Freshwater 86 28 No Wheeler, A., 1992
Total 440 153 No
Ref.   Wheeler, A., 1992
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate United Kingdom in Western Europe, are islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France. Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon. Total land boundary 360 km, border country, Ireland 360 km. Climate is temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast. Terrain consists of mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Fenland -4 m and highest point in Ben Nevis 1,343 m. Natural resources are coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica. Land use: arable land: 25%, permanent crops: 0%, permanent pastures: 46%, forests and woodland: 10%, other: 19% (1993 est.). Irrigated land: 1,080 sq km (1993 est.). Environment—current issues: sulfur dioxide emissions from power plants contribute to air pollution; some rivers polluted by agricultural wastes and coastal waters polluted because of large-scale disposal of sewage at sea. Geography—note: lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France and now linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indented coastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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