Biodiversity Suriname (SUR)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 696 192 No
Freshwater 364 55 No
Total 1048 232 No
Conservation List of freshwater species completed using CLOFFSCA work. The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Suriname is located in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia. Total land boundary is 1,707 km, border countries are Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km . Climate is tropical; moderated by trade winds. Terrain consists mostly of rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m and highest point in Wilhelmina Gebergte 1,286 m. Natural resources are timber, hydropower potential, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore. Environment—current issues: deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities Geography—note: mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna which for the most part is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population most of which lives along the coast

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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