|Marine||1110||142||No||949||Randall, J.E., 1998|
|Freshwater||3||3||No||Kottelat, M. and T. Whitten, 1996|
|Total||1115||145||No||Nouguier, J. and D. Refait, 1990|
|Geography and Climate||
Maldives is located in Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. Area- comparatively about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC.
Climate is tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August). Terrain consists of flat, with white sandy beaches. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Indian Ocean 0 m and highest point in unnamed location on Wilingili 24 m. Major natural resource is fish. Land use: arable land: 10%, permanent crops: 0%,
permanent pastures: 3%, forests and woodland: 3%, other: 84% (1993 est.).
Natural hazards are low level of islands that make them very sensitive to sea level rise.
Environment—current issues: depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies
Geography—note: 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls; archipelago of strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean.
Ref. Anonymous, 1999
The Maledives are a group of low-lying coral atolls. Freshwater occurs only in aquifiers and no native freshwater fish has ever been recorded.
Ref. Kottelat, M. and T. Whitten, 1996