Biodiversity Latvia (LVA)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 83 42 No Hureau, J.-C. and T. Monod (eds.), 1979
Freshwater 69 22 No
Total 118 47 No
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Latvia is located in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania. Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia. Climate is maritime; wet, moderate winters. Terrain consists of low plain. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Baltic Sea 0 m and highest point in Gaizinkalns 312 m. Natural resources are minimal; amber, peat, limestone, dolomite. Land use: arable land: 27%, permanent crops: 0%, permanent pastures: 13%, forests and woodland: 46%, Irrigated land: 160 sq km (1993 est.). Environment—current issues: air and water pollution because of a lack of waste conversion equipment; Gulf of Riga and Daugava River heavily polluted; contamination of soil and groundwater with chemicals and petroleum products at military bases.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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