Biodiversity Guam (GUM)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 993 121 No
Freshwater 17 9 No
Total 1010 128 No
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Guam, located in Oceania, an island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. Area comparatively three times the size of Washington, DC. Guam has a tropical marine climate; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation. Terrain consists of volcanic in origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south. Elevation extreme haas the lowest point in Pacific Ocean 0 m and highest point in Mount Lamlam 406 m. Natural resources are fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan). Land use: arable land: 11%, permanent crops: 11%, permanent pastures: 15%, forests and woodland: 18% other: 45% (1993 est.). Natural hazards are frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August). Geography—note: largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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