Biodiversity Salvador [El] (SLV)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 553 135 No
Freshwater 40 17 No
Total 590 143 No
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate El Salvador is located in Middle America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras. Area comparatively slightly smaller than Massachusetts. Climate in El Salvador is tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April). Terrain consists of mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau. Elevation extreme has a lowest point in Pacific Ocean 0 m and highest point in Cerro El Pital 2,730 m. Natural resources are hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum. Land use: arable land: 27%, permanent crops: 8%, permanent pastures: 29%, forests and woodland: 5%, other: 31% (1993 est.). Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (1993 est.). Natural hazards are known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity. Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes Geography—note: smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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