Biodiversity Belgium (BEL)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 143 64 No Hureau, J.-C. and T. Monod (eds.), 1979
Freshwater 62 23 No
Total 195 78 No
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Belgium is located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between France and the Netherlands. The area is comparatively about the size of Maryland . Total land boundary is 1,385 km, border countries are France 620 km, Germany 167 km, Luxembourg 148 km, Netherlands 450 km. Belgium has a temperate climate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy. Terrain consists of flat coastal plains in northwest, central rolling hills, rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest in southeast. The elevation extreme has lowest point in North Sea 0 m and highest point in Signal de Botrange 694 m. Belgian natural resources are coal, natural gas. Land use: arable land: 24%, permanent crops: 1%, permanent pastures: 20%, forests and woodland: 21%, other: 34%. Natural hazard is flooding which is a threat in areas of reclaimed coastal land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes. Environment—current issues: Meuse River, a major source of drinking water, polluted from steel production wastes; other rivers polluted by animal wastes and fertilizers; industrial air pollution contributes to acid rain in neighboring countries. Geography—note: crossroads of Western Europe; majority of West European capitals within 1,000 km of Brussels which is the seat of both the EU and NATO

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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