Ecosystem Reference
Ecosystem Paraná
Type River (basin)
Salinity freshwater
Other Names
Location
South America 20° S 35° S - 62° W 50° W
Location Map
Size Ref
River Length 4500 km Area Drainage Area 3100000
Depth
Average Depth Max Depth Ref
Temperature
Surface
100 Meters Depth
Description The Rio Paraná is about 4695 km long and begins at the confluence of the Rio Grande and Rio Paranaíba. From southern Brazil, it runs in a southwest direction and drains into the Río de la Plata estuary. The Rio Paraná can be divided into sections with distinct geographical and biological characteristics (Resende, 2003, cited in Ref. 74689). The Upper Paraná, which is separated by falls of Sete Quedas from the rest of the basin, has a distinct ichthyofaunal “province” (Bonetto, 1998, cited in Ref. 74689). It mostly lies within Brazil and forms the border with Paraguay at its southern end. Veering southwest, is the High Paraná which follows the contour of the Sierra de Misiones and forms the border between Paraguay and Argentina. In this area, falls are characteristically close to their confluence with the High Paraná and thus limit passage of fishes upriver. The Middle Paraná, marked by the confluence with the Rio Paraguay, runs south through Argentina as a plains river over a broad floodplain. The river flows as the Lower Paraná at the confluence with the Rio Salado in Santa Fé, (Bonetto, 1986; Resende, 2003, cited in Ref. 74689).
Comments on faunal list
URL 1
URL 2
Ecosystem Checklist Link
Total
FishBase Literature
Species Families Species Families Reference
498 46 44 30553
Sa-a, Pascualita on 11.25.93
Modified by Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen on 05.27.21
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