Ecosystem Reference
Ecosystem Gulf of Thailand
Type Sea/Bay/Gulf
Salinity saltwater
Other Names
LME SAU No 35. Lies between Thailand, Cambodia and Malay Peninsula. LME2002, LME2006, SAU 2008. 13° N 4° N - 100° E 105° E
Location Map Gulf_of_Thailand.png
Size Ref
River Length Area 387517 km2 Drainage Area
Average Depth Max Depth Ref
Surface 28.6 °C Map159.gif
100 Meters Depth 27.5 °C Map160.gif
Description The Gulf of Thailand Large Marine Ecosystem is a semi-enclosed sea located in Southeast Asia. It is situated immediately to the northwest of the South China Sea LME, from which it is separated by two sills. Monsoon seasons, and the intrusion of sea water from the South China Sea are the two natural phenomena that seem to drive the Gulf of Thailand LME and are the major causes of oceanographic change in the absence of any massive regime shift. The Gulf of Thailand is part of the Sunda Shelf and is relatively shallow, with depths varying between 45 and 80 meters. It consists of three subsystems: a shallow inner gulf, two areas of shallow grounds between the east and west coasts, and a central basin, with a shallow sill that limits water exchanges with the open South China Sea (see Piyakarnchana, 1989; Eiamsa-Ard and Amornchairojkul, 1997). 23 rivers, including 5 major ones, drain large amounts of fresh water into the Gulf ( Temperature given for 100m is for 50m depth.
Comments on faunal list Area from SAU (November 2015).
Ecosystem Checklist Link
FishBase Literature
Species Families Species Families Reference
629 115
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