Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Pseudolithoxus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, lithos = stone + Greek, oxys = sharp; kinja: Named for the Waimiri-Atroari indigenous people, the Kinja people inhabiting areas surrounding the rio Uatuma and part of the rio Negro in the states of Amazonas and Roraima, Brazil. 'Kinja' ('true people') pays homage to this brave people who survived three attempts of genocide in the last century, and survive and thrive today in their protected area; noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 1 - 2 m (Ref. 119352). Tropical
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119352)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 28. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: a colour pattern of large pale spots on a dark background (vs. pale bands on a dark background in P. kelsorum, P. tigris; small pale dots on a dark background in P. anthrax, P. nicoi; dark spots on a lighter background in P. dumus); differs further from P. anthrax, P. nicoi by having dark bands on the caudal fin (vs. none) and by the cleithral width 30.0-33.5% SL (vs. 27.2-30.5% in P. anthrax and 27.0-28.6% in P. nicoi (Ref. 119352).
Collected in shallow (depth <1.5 m), fast-flowing water over a substrate of eroded bedrock, living among narrow cracks between rocks, and were abundant at the sampling site. However, this type of habitat was not frequently encountered on the lower Nhamunda, and the species was not found associated with more common woody-debris sites, or rocky sites lacking any appreciable water current. Water temperature 28.3C and conductivity 6 mS/cm. Syntopic fishes encountered during the night survey were species of Leporinus, Symphysodon, Cichla, Pimelodella, Tatia, Dekeyseria, Peckoltia, Lasiancistrus, and this species was the dominant loricariid in this habitat (Ref. 119352).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collins, R.A., A.G. Bifi, R.R. De Oliveira, E.D. Ribeiro, N.K. Lujan, L.H. Rapp Py-Daniel and T. Hrbek, 2018. Biogeography and species delimitation of the rheophilic suckermouth catfish genus Pseudolithoxus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae), with the description of a new species from the Brazilian Amazon. Systematics and Biodiversity 16(6):538-550. (Ref. 119352)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00690 - 0.03171), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).