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Pseudobarbus afer (Peters, 1864)

Eastern Cape redfin
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drawing shows typical species in Cyprinidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pseudobarbus: Greek, pseudes = false + Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Peters.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的. 亞熱帶的; 31°S - 35°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Africa: Sundays River, Swartkops River and Baakens River systems, which discharge into Algoa Bay, in South Africa (Ref. 114782).
非洲: 從 Algoa 海灣到 Mossel 海灣的沿海河川。 Tsitsikamma 與南非的 Outeniqua 海岸的較小的溪流沒有出現。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 4.0, range 4 - 4 cm
Max length : 8.9 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 114782)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 9-11; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 9; 脊椎骨: 36 - 39. Diagnosis: Pseudobarbus afer differs from P. burchelli, P. burgi, P. skeltoni and P. verloreni by the possession of a single pair of oral barbels (Ref. 114782). The possession of fewer and larger scales separates P. afer, which has 29-35 scales along the lateral line, from P. quathlambae and P. asper, with respectively more than 60 and more than 35 scales along the lateral line (Ref. 114782). Lack of a mid-dorsal stripe and a relatively deeper head and body profile separates P. afer from the more slender bodied P. tenuis, head depth being 66.5-78.2% of head length vs. 61.1-71.2% and body depth being 22.5-31.6% of standard length vs. 18.8-26.8% (Ref. 114782). Lack of prominent black spots and patches on the body distinguishes P. afer from P. phlegethon (Ref. 114782). Pseudobarbus afer most closely resembles P. senticeps, P. swartzi and P. asper; barbel length and the number of scale rows along the lateral line separates P. afer from these three species; short barbels which do not reach the vertical through the posterior margin of the eye and a higher number of lateral line scales, 29-35, distinguishes P. afer from P. senticeps whose barbels reach or surpass the vertical through posterior edge of eye and has fewer and larger scales along lateral line, 25-30, and around caudal peduncle, 10-12; it further differs from P. senticeps by lack of a blotch of pigment at the base of the caudal fin, while the lateral stripe in P. senticeps terminates in a triangular blotch at the base of the caudal fin (Ref. 114782). Pseudobarbus afer differs from P. swartzi by possession of fewer scale rows along the lateral line, 29-35 vs. 34-37, and fewer scales around the caudal peduncle, 12-16 vs. 13-17; it has a distinct mesh-like pigmentation pattern below the lateral line which further separates this species from P. swartzi which lacks discernible pigmentation pattern on the latero-ventral scales (Ref. 114782). Pseudobarbus afer is separated from P. asper by the possession of fewer and larger scales, lateral line scale series 29-35 vs. 35-45 and caudal peduncle scale rows 12-16 vs. 16-22 (Ref. 114782).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

This species refers clear rocky pools; fry and juveniles occur in large schoals, adults in small groups (Ref. 7248). Once common and widely distributed, but Pseudobarbus afer suffered severe decline in distribution and abundance, mainly due to the invasion by alien predators and competitors, deterioration of water quality and loss of critical habitat (Ref. 114782). Omnivorous, feeding mainly from the bottom on algae and small invertebrates (Ref. 7248). Breeds in summer, spawning in riffles above pools (Ref. 7248).

被喜欢清澈的岩石水池的一个河栖性鱼种; 鱼苗与稚鱼出现在大群鱼群,成鱼在小群鱼群。 杂食性, 主要从底部觅食藻类与小型无脊椎动物。 繁殖于被产卵在水池上的浅滩中的夏天。 (参考文献 7248)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

非洲: 從 Algoa 海灣到 Mossel 海灣的沿海河川。 Tsitsikamma 與南非的 Outeniqua 海岸的較小的溪流沒有出現。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Chakona, A. and P.H. Skelton, 2017. A review of the Pseudobarbus afer (Peters, 1864) species complex (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) in the eastern Cape Fold Ecoregion of South Africa. ZooKeys 657:109-140. (Ref. 114782)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  濒危 (EN) (B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v)); Date assessed: 01 December 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: ; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00253 - 0.01250), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.24 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 6.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.17; tm=2; tmax=6).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.