分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays)
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Carcharhinus: karcharos (Gr.), sharp or jagged; rhinus, an ancient name for sharks, from rhine (Gr.), rasp, both words alluding to a shark's jagged, rasp-like skin. (See ETYFish); sealei: In honor of American ichthyologist Alvin Seale (1871-1958), Stanford University, who described this shark in 1910 but used a preoccupied name (C. borneensis). (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 0 - 40 m (Ref. 244). Tropical; 24°N - 30°S
Indo-West Pacific: reported to occur throughout the area, from Kenya to Indonesia; north to China. Distribution west of the Indo-Malay Peninsual needs validation.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 71.5, range 68 - 75 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 3678); 84.6 cm TL (female)
A small species which is distinguished by the following characters: snout moderately long and bluntly pointed; upper anterior teeth oblique and blade-like, coarsely serrated laterally, lateral margin deeply notched and with several large and smooth basal cusplets; lower anterior teeth narrower, slightly oblique, lateral margins usually not notched and with several large basal serrae, mostly smooth; total tooth row 24-28/22-27 or 47-55; interdorsal space often without a ridge on midline, 19.0-22.4% TL; first dorsal fin is moderately tall and falcate, origin about opposite pectoral-fin free rear tip, length 14.7-16.0% TL, 1.3-1.7 times height, inner margin 2.1-2.7 in base; second dorsal fin is much smaller, broadly triangular, height 31-37% of first dorsal fin height, its origin slightly posterior to anal-fin origin; anal fin falcate, height 0.9-1.2 times second dorsal height, base 1.0-1.3 times second dorsal-fin base; body colour pale brownish to grey dorsally, whitish ventrally; second dorsal fin with a black blotch covering most of fin and often extending slightly onto upper surface of body, usually diffuse-edged and poorly defined from ground colour of fin; other fins are plain or with pale outer margins; total vertebral 146-163; monospondylous precaudal 42-48; diplospondylous precaudal 26-38; diplospondylous caudal 74-81; precaudal 71-82 (Ref. 89954).
Found on the continental and insular shelves, from the surf line and intertidal region to deeper water (Ref. 244). Feeds on small bony fishes (including sea horses), prawns, and squid (Ref. 9997). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Specimens caught with size ranging from 37.0-67.4 cm TL were found to be immature, males apparently begin to mature around 71.0 cm TL and birth size is between 32.0 and 37.0 cm TL (Ref. 89954). Often caught by shore anglers (Ref. 5485). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 244).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Viviparous, with a yok-sac placenta; 1-2 pups per litter (Ref. 244); after a gestation period of ~ 9 months(Ref.58048). 33-45 cm TL at birth (Ref. 9997). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
White, W.T., 2012. A redescription of Carcharhinus dussumieri and C. sealei, with resurrection of C. coatesi and C. tjutjot as valid species (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae). Zootaxa 3241:1-34. (Ref. 89954)
水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.1, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1150 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00201 - 0.00827), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 非常に低い, １４年以上の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec=1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 18.3 [2.7, 63.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.535 [0.156, 1.515] mg/100g ; Protein = 22.1 [18.9, 24.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.126 [0.054, 0.283] g/100g ; Selenium = 33 [8, 81] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 63.6 [26.3, 154.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.65 [0.30, 1.30] mg/100g (wet weight);