Pardachirus pavoninus, Peacock sole : fisheries

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Pardachirus pavoninus (Lacepède, 1802)

Peacock sole
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pardachirus pavoninus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pardachirus pavoninus (Peacock sole)
Pardachirus pavoninus
Picture by Greenfield, J.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Soleidae (Soles)
Etymology: Pardachirus: Greek, pardias, -ou = a fish similar to grey mullet + Greek, cheir = hand (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 2 - 40 m (Ref. 1602).   Tropical; 32°N - 32°S

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Samoa and Tonga (Ref. 2334), north to Japan (Ref. 559), south to Onslow, Australia.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 2334); common length : 12.5 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9893)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 62-73; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 48 - 55. Eyes on right side. Dorsal and anal fins separate from caudal fin; pectoral fins absent; pelvic fins unequal, the right one with an elongated base and attached posteriorly to genital papilla (Ref. 9893). Series of toxic glands along the bases of dorsal- and anal-fin rays, their pores visible (Ref. 9893). Reddish brown, densely spotted on head; body and fins of ocular surface also with spots of various sizes and shapes, bordered by a dark rim and some with a blackish spot on center (Ref. 9893).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs on sand and mud bottoms of lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602, 48637). Burries itself in the sand (Ref. 48637). Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates, especially small crustaceans (Ref. 9893). Extract from sac under the skin is toxic (Ref. 559) and the mucus appears to have shark-repellent qualities.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Allen, G.R. and R. Swainston, 1988. The marine fishes of north-western Australia: a field guide for anglers and divers. Western Australian Museum, Perth. 201 p. (Ref. 3132)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Venomous (Ref. 9137)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 986 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00577 - 0.01734), b=3.10 (2.95 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.26 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 62.2 [29.2, 129.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.586 [0.328, 1.114] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [17.4, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.0818 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.2 [14.2, 59.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 57.9 [14.7, 209.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.18 [0.69, 1.85] mg/100g (wet weight);