Toxotes chatareus, Spotted archerfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton, 1822)

Spotted archerfish
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Image of Toxotes chatareus (Spotted archerfish)
Toxotes chatareus
Picture by Aland, G.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Carangaria/misc (Various families in series Carangaria) > Toxotidae (Archerfishes)
Etymology: Toxotes: Greek, toxotes = bowman (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 大洋性; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243). 熱帶; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia and Oceania: Sri Lanka and India to New Guinea and northern Australia.
亞洲與大洋洲: 斯里蘭卡與印度到新幾內亞與澳洲北部。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2847); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2847); 最大体重: 750.00 g (Ref. 6028)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 5 - 6; 背的软条 (总数): 12-13; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 15 - 17

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs mainly in brackish mangrove estuaries, but also penetrates freshwater rivers and small streams (Ref. 4833, 44894). Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 45255). Found along the shores of flowing and standing waters. Occurs in shaded areas with overhanging vegetation (Ref. 12693, 44894). Inhabits medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Also found in lakes and billabongs (Ref. 44894). Feeds at the surface during the day on floating debris which includes insects and vegetable matter (Ref. 2847). Also consumes crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 44894). Renowned for its habit of spitting to dislodge its insect prey from tree branches above the water; maximum shooting range is about 150 cm. Breeds from both fresh and brackish water (Ref. 2847, 44894). Breeding takes place in the wet season. Highly fecund female releases buoyant eggs (Ref. 44894). Lays 20,000 to 150,000 eggs, measuring about 0.4 mm in diameter (Ref. 6028). Occasionally caught by anglers and is reasonable eating (Ref. 44894). Sold fresh in markets.

主要生活在半咸淡的红树林河口, 也深入淡水的河与小的溪流.(参考文献 4833,44894) 栖息于沿岸水域。 (参考文献 45255) 发现沿着流动的海岸与不流动的水域了。 用上悬的植物出现于阴暗的区域。 (参考文献 12693,44894) 栖息于中到大型的河。 (参考文献 12975) 也发现于湖与死水潭。 (参考文献 44894) 在包括昆虫与植物的漂浮的残砾上为食在水表面在白天期间。 (参考文献 2847) 也消费甲壳动物与小鱼。 (参考文献 44894) 对于他们唾吐逐出来自水上的樹枝的他們的昆蟲獵物的習慣是有名的; 極大射擊範圍是大約 150 公分。 來自兩者的淡水與半鹹淡的水的繁殖.(參考文獻 2847,44894) 繁殖發生於濕季。 高度多產的雌性釋放浮性卵。 (參考文獻 44894) 生下 20,000 到 150,000個卵, 測量大約 0.4 mm 直徑。 (參考文獻 6028) 被垂釣者偶而捕獲而且是合理的吃。 (參考文獻 44894) 生鮮販賣在市場中了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

亞洲與大洋洲: 斯里蘭卡與印度到新幾內亞與澳洲北部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Allen, G.R., 1991. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Publication, no. 9. 268 p. Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. (Ref. 2847)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00626 - 0.04399), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=1-2; k=0.31).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100).
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 135 [68, 267] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.48 [0.82, 2.93] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.3, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.578 [0.259, 1.322] g/100g ; Selenium = 38 [16, 93] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.9 [10.7, 128.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.78, 1.91] mg/100g (wet weight);