分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 外洋の; 両側回遊性 (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia and Oceania: Sri Lanka and India to New Guinea and northern Australia.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2847); common length : 25.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2847); 最大公表体重: 750.00 g (Ref. 6028)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 5 - 6; 背鰭 (合計): 12-13; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 15 - 17
Occurs mainly in brackish mangrove estuaries, but also penetrates freshwater rivers and small streams (Ref. 4833, 44894). Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 45255). Found along the shores of flowing and standing waters. Occurs in shaded areas with overhanging vegetation (Ref. 12693, 44894). Inhabits medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Also found in lakes and billabongs (Ref. 44894). Feeds at the surface during the day on floating debris which includes insects and vegetable matter (Ref. 2847). Also consumes crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 44894). Renowned for its habit of spitting to dislodge its insect prey from tree branches above the water; maximum shooting range is about 150 cm. Breeds from both fresh and brackish water (Ref. 2847, 44894). Breeding takes place in the wet season. Highly fecund female releases buoyant eggs (Ref. 44894). Lays 20,000 to 150,000 eggs, measuring about 0.4 mm in diameter (Ref. 6028). Occasionally caught by anglers and is reasonable eating (Ref. 44894). Sold fresh in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Allen, G.R., 1991. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Publication, no. 9. 268 p. Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. (Ref. 2847)
水産業: 少数商業の; 水族館・水槽: 商業
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00620 - 0.04241), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=1-2; k=0.31).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 135 [68, 267] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.48 [0.82, 2.93] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.3, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.578 [0.259, 1.322] g/100g ; Selenium = 38 [16, 93] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.9 [10.7, 128.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.78, 1.91] mg/100g (wet weight);