Toxotes chatareus, Spotted archerfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton, 1822)

Spotted archerfish
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Toxotes chatareus
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangaria/misc (Various families in series Carangaria) > Toxotidae (Archerfishes)
Etymology: Toxotes: Greek, toxotes = bowman (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater; brakwater pelagisch; amfidroom (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672)

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Asia and Oceania: Sri Lanka and India to New Guinea and northern Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 2847); common length : 25.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 2847); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 750.00 g (Ref. 6028)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 5 - 6; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 12-13; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 15 - 17

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs mainly in brackish mangrove estuaries, but also penetrates freshwater rivers and small streams (Ref. 4833, 44894). Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 45255). Found along the shores of flowing and standing waters. Occurs in shaded areas with overhanging vegetation (Ref. 12693, 44894). Inhabits medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Also found in lakes and billabongs (Ref. 44894). Feeds at the surface during the day on floating debris which includes insects and vegetable matter (Ref. 2847). Also consumes crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 44894). Renowned for its habit of spitting to dislodge its insect prey from tree branches above the water; maximum shooting range is about 150 cm. Breeds from both fresh and brackish water (Ref. 2847, 44894). Breeding takes place in the wet season. Highly fecund female releases buoyant eggs (Ref. 44894). Lays 20,000 to 150,000 eggs, measuring about 0.4 mm in diameter (Ref. 6028). Occasionally caught by anglers and is reasonable eating (Ref. 44894). Sold fresh in markets.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Allen, G.R., 1991. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Publication, no. 9. 268 p. Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. (Ref. 2847)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van minder commercieel belang; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genus, Soort(en) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Publieke aquaria | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: ga naar, zoek | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00620 - 0.04241), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (tm=1-2; k=0.31).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 135 [68, 267] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.48 [0.82, 2.93] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.3, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.578 [0.259, 1.322] g/100g ; Selenium = 38 [16, 93] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.9 [10.7, 128.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.78, 1.91] mg/100g (wet weight);