Toxotes chatareus, Spotted archerfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton, 1822)

Spotted archerfish
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Image of Toxotes chatareus (Spotted archerfish)
Toxotes chatareus
Picture by Aland, G.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangaria/misc (Various families in series Carangaria) > Toxotidae (Archerfishes)
Etymology: Toxotes: Greek, toxotes = bowman (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar; payau pelagis, permukaan; amphidromus (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Asia and Oceania: Sri Lanka and India to New Guinea and northern Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 2847); common length : 25.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 2847); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 750.00 g (Ref. 6028)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 5 - 6; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 12-13; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 15 - 17

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Occurs mainly in brackish mangrove estuaries, but also penetrates freshwater rivers and small streams (Ref. 4833, 44894). Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 45255). Found along the shores of flowing and standing waters. Occurs in shaded areas with overhanging vegetation (Ref. 12693, 44894). Inhabits medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Also found in lakes and billabongs (Ref. 44894). Feeds at the surface during the day on floating debris which includes insects and vegetable matter (Ref. 2847). Also consumes crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 44894). Renowned for its habit of spitting to dislodge its insect prey from tree branches above the water; maximum shooting range is about 150 cm. Breeds from both fresh and brackish water (Ref. 2847, 44894). Breeding takes place in the wet season. Highly fecund female releases buoyant eggs (Ref. 44894). Lays 20,000 to 150,000 eggs, measuring about 0.4 mm in diameter (Ref. 6028). Occasionally caught by anglers and is reasonable eating (Ref. 44894). Sold fresh in markets.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Allen, G.R., 1991. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Publication, no. 9. 268 p. Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. (Ref. 2847)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 125652)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Marga, Jenis | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genom, Nukleotida | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Akuarium publik | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: pergi, Cari | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00620 - 0.04241), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (tm=1-2; k=0.31).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 135 [68, 267] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.48 [0.82, 2.93] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.3, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.578 [0.259, 1.322] g/100g ; Selenium = 38 [16, 93] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.9 [10.7, 128.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.78, 1.91] mg/100g (wet weight);