Achirus achirus, Drab sole : aquarium

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Achirus achirus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Drab sole
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Achirus achirus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Achirus achirus
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Achiridae (American soles)
Etymology: Achirus: Greek, a = without + Greek, cheir = hands (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Issue
The species Achirus lineatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 is cited as valid by Dennis et al. (2004: Ref. 51183) from Puerto Rico, followed by Eschmeyer (CofF ver. July 2013: Ref. 93826). However, a complete revision of the genus is necessary to sort out the difficulties. The distribution of A. achirus is referrred by Chabanaud (1928: 23) as "West coast of Americas, including West Indies. Cited from 7°N from 34°S.", and Cervigon (1966: 812) as "north and east of Gulf of Mexico to Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil" (data on both papers are coincident). Cervigón (1996: 16) states: "its distribution extends from Golfo de Paria to Amazonas". No papers dealing with Achiridae include reference to a punctual collection of A. achirus in Gulf of Mexico or West Indies; Meek and Hildebrand (1928) do not cite this species to Panama. A. achirus was described from Suriname, and there are records from Venezuela, Suriname (the original description and other papers which refer to it), and Brazil (Figueirerdo & Menezes, 2000, Rosa, 1980). A. achirus securely do not occurs in southeastern South America (Figueirerdo & Menezes, 2000), the most south collection was taken at Paraíba state, northeastern Brazil (Rosa, 1980). The probable distribution of A. achirus is the coastal areas from Venezuela to northeastern Brazil, but it's necessary further studies to make a secure statement on distribution of this species. As several achirid species, it is a marine species which occasionally enters freshwaters; there is at least on record of this species for freshwater (Tocantins River at Cametá, Pará state, Brazil). Ortega and Vari (1986) cite A. achirus for freshwaters of Peru (Amazon basin), but it is a misidentification, as this species do not occurs in highland freshwaters. In this area occurs Hipoclinemus mentalis, which is frequently confounded with A. achirus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の; 両側回遊性 (Ref. 36739); 深さの範囲 1 - 20 m (Ref. 51483). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468)

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: from the Gulf of Paria to the mouth of the Amazon river.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 51483); common length : 30.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5217); 最大公表体重: 1.0 kg (Ref. 5217)

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Adults occur in the littoral zone, down to 20 m depth, and on all sandy-muddy bottoms of estuaries, rivers and coastal streams where it penetrates far enough sometimes. They hide completely in the sediment, leaving out its eyes, in order to look out for predators and prey. Feed on small crustaceans and fish. Reproduction is like to occur between July and September (Ref. 35237). Maximum length reported to reach 37 cm TL (Ref. 5217).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Ramos, Robson T.C. | 協力者

Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez, 1992. Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 125652)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 August 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水族館・水槽: 公共の水族館
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

卵の開発
Age/Size
成長
体長-重さ
Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
幼生の動力
補充
豊度
BRUVS
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Nutrients
Mass conversion
協力者
画像
Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 940 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00560 - 0.01554), b=3.03 (2.89 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .