Achirus achirus, Drab sole : aquarium

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Achirus achirus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Drab sole
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Achirus achirus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Achirus achirus (Drab sole)
Achirus achirus
Picture by Krumme, U.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Achiridae (American soles)
Etymology: Achirus: Greek, a = without + Greek, cheir = hands (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

The species Achirus lineatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 is cited as valid by Dennis et al. (2004: Ref. 51183) from Puerto Rico, followed by Eschmeyer (CofF ver. July 2013: Ref. 93826). However, a complete revision of the genus is necessary to sort out the difficulties. The distribution of A. achirus is referrred by Chabanaud (1928: 23) as "West coast of Americas, including West Indies. Cited from 7°N from 34°S.", and Cervigon (1966: 812) as "north and east of Gulf of Mexico to Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil" (data on both papers are coincident). Cervigón (1996: 16) states: "its distribution extends from Golfo de Paria to Amazonas". No papers dealing with Achiridae include reference to a punctual collection of A. achirus in Gulf of Mexico or West Indies; Meek and Hildebrand (1928) do not cite this species to Panama. A. achirus was described from Suriname, and there are records from Venezuela, Suriname (the original description and other papers which refer to it), and Brazil (Figueirerdo & Menezes, 2000, Rosa, 1980). A. achirus securely do not occurs in southeastern South America (Figueirerdo & Menezes, 2000), the most south collection was taken at Paraíba state, northeastern Brazil (Rosa, 1980). The probable distribution of A. achirus is the coastal areas from Venezuela to northeastern Brazil, but it's necessary further studies to make a secure statement on distribution of this species. As several achirid species, it is a marine species which occasionally enters freshwaters; there is at least on record of this species for freshwater (Tocantins River at Cametá, Pará state, Brazil). Ortega and Vari (1986) cite A. achirus for freshwaters of Peru (Amazon basin), but it is a misidentification, as this species do not occurs in highland freshwaters. In this area occurs Hipoclinemus mentalis, which is frequently confounded with A. achirus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल; खारा ड़िमरसल; ऐम्फिढरोमस (Ref. 36739); गहराई सीमा 1 - 20 m (Ref. 51483). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468)

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: from the Gulf of Paria to the mouth of the Amazon river.

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 51483); common length : 30.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 5217); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 1.0 kg (Ref. 5217)

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Adults occur in the littoral zone, down to 20 m depth, and on all sandy-muddy bottoms of estuaries, rivers and coastal streams where it penetrates far enough sometimes. They hide completely in the sediment, leaving out its eyes, in order to look out for predators and prey. Feed on small crustaceans and fish. Reproduction is like to occur between July and September (Ref. 35237). Maximum length reported to reach 37 cm TL (Ref. 5217).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : Ramos, Robson T.C. | सहयोगीयो

Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez, 1992. Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 August 2012


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

जलजीवालय: सार्वजनिक लजीवालय
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

अधिक जानकारी

आम नाम
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
आकृति विज्ञान
लारवल गतिकी
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र


Special reports

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: वर्ग, प्रजाति | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, खोज | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 940 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00560 - 0.01554), b=3.03 (2.89 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; based on food items.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .