Leiuranus semicinctus, Saddled snake-eel

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Leiuranus semicinctus (Lay & Bennett, 1839)

Saddled snake-eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Leiuranus semicinctus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Leiuranus semicinctus (Saddled snake-eel)
Leiuranus semicinctus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Leiuranus: Greek, leios = smooth + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Lay & Bennett.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 0 - 70 m, usually 0 - 10 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical; 40°N - 40°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Mangaréva islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern New South Wales, Australia. Also recorded from Southeast Atlantic: South Africa (Ref. 3972).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1602)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 0; Wervels: 162 - 171. White to yellow with 25-30 black saddles (Ref. 3972).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs in sandy areas and seagrass beds of both lagoon and seaward reefs. Uses its stiff pointed tail to rapidly burrow backwards into the sand when frightened (Ref. 37816). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on sand-dwelling fishes and crabs and prawns. Sometimes fully exposed when searching for prey (Ref. 30874). Rises to the surface to spawn (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Rises to the surface to spawn. Once there, one or more males may seize a female by the back of the neck and remain attached for hours before spawning occurs.

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McCosker, John E. | Medewerkers

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.4 - 29.2, mean 28.1 °C (based on 2893 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00044 - 0.00237), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 64.4 [32.3, 115.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.749 [0.459, 1.288] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.0, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.228 [0.093, 0.631] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.3 [22.7, 104.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 38.1 [8.9, 154.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.53 [1.02, 2.25] mg/100g (wet weight);