Heterodontus francisci, Horn shark : fisheries, aquarium

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Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)

Horn shark
إضافة ملاحظاتك Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Heterodontus francisci   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | Videos | صور قوقل
Image of Heterodontus francisci (Horn shark)
Heterodontus francisci
Picture by Gotshall, D.W.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, الانواع) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

أشلاق (القروش و الشفانين) (sharks and rays) > Heterodontiformes (Bullhead and horn sharks) > Heterodontidae (Bullhead, horn, or Port Jackson sharks)
Etymology: Heterodontus: heteros (Gr.), different; odontos (Gr.), tooth, referring to pointy teeth (for clutching prey) at front of jaws, different than rounded molar-like teeth (for grinding hard-shelled invertebrates) at the back. (See ETYFish);  francisci: Of Francisco, probably referring to San Francisco (city and/or bay), California, USA (although its range does not extend that far north of its type locality, Monterey Bay). (See ETYFish).
More on author: Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري القاع; نطاق العمق 0 - 152 m (Ref. 106604), usually 2 - 11 m (Ref. 9253). Subtropical; 37°N - 15°S, 124°W - 75°W

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: central California, USA to the Gulf of California, and probably Ecuador and Peru.

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?, range 59 - ? cm
Max length : 122 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 247); common length : 97.0 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 247); العمر: 12 سنين (Ref. 72467)

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Sluggish, nocturnal, and mostly solitary species. Inhabit rocky bottoms, kelp beds, sandy draws between rocks, on sand flats, deep crevices and small caves and also large underwater caverns. Adults tend to return to the same resting place every day (Ref. 43278). Feed on benthic invertebrates, especially sea urchins, crabs and probably abalone, also fishes. Oviparous (Ref. 50449). May bite back when harassed. Has broad muscular paired fins used as limbs for clambering on the bottom. Catch reduced to fish meal; fin spines used in production of jewels.

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Courtship starts when the male chases the female, then when both are ready, they drop to the bottom (Ref. 43278). During courtship and prior to copulation, the male bites and wraps its body to the female pectoral fin, body, tail, and gills (Ref. 51127, 49562). The male then inserts a single clasper in the female's cloaca; copulation lasts 30 to 40 min. After one or two weeks later, the eggs are laid in about 11 to 14 intervals for 4 months which were deposited under rocks or in crevices, as was observed in nature. In captivity, the female drops the eggs on the bottom where the contents of the egg cases maybe eaten by these sharks; the eggs are hatched in 7 to 9 months. The young begin to feed one month after hatching (Ref. 43278).

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم | المتعاونين

Compagno, L.J.V., 2001. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Vol. 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. 1(2):269 p. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 43278)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  نقص البينات (DD) ; Date assessed: 06 March 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 247)





استخدامات بشرية

مصائد: غير مهمة تجارياً; حوض مائي: احواض مائية عامة
FAO - مصائد: ملف الأنواع; Publication: search | FishSource |

مزيد من المعلومات

الأسماء الشائعة
مرادفات
الأيض
مفتريسات
علم السميات البيئية
التكاثر
النضج
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
الخصوبة
بيض
تطور البيضة
العمر/ الحجم
نمو
الطول-الوزن
الطول-الطول
الطول- الترددات
قياسات المظهر الخارجي
الوصف الخارجي
Larvae
حركة انتقال اليرقات
توظيف
الوفرة
BRUVS
مراجع
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
سلالات
جيني
تواتر الأليل
التوريث
الأمراض
معالجة
Nutrients
Mass conversion
المتعاونين
صور
Stamps, Coins Misc.
اصوات
التسمم باكل السمك
سرعة
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن
دماغ
رؤية

أدوات

تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | البحث في مراقبي الأسماك | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: جنس, الانواع | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - مصائد: ملف الأنواع; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: الوراثة, نيوكلوتيدة | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | احواض مائية عامة | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | شجرة الحياة | Wikipedia: ذهب, بحث | World Records Freshwater Fishing | سجلات علم الحيوانات

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.9 - 23.7, mean 21.4 °C (based on 159 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5059   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00234 - 0.00814), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  منخفض, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 4.5-14 سنة (Fec=20).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (73 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
فئة السعر (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 30.8 [4.9, 108.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.793 [0.198, 2.002] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.6, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.227 [0.109, 0.475] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.8 [8.9, 85.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.6 [2.6, 21.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.626 [0.306, 1.593] mg/100g (wet weight);