分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae
Etymology: Balistes: Latin, balista, -ae = crossbowman. In Greek, ballo = to throw (Ref. 45335); capriscus: Specific name 'capriscus' meaning a small goat; probably referring to its 'face' which looks like a small goat (to be confirmed).. More on author: Gmelin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 0 - 100 m (Ref. 7348), usually 0 - 55 m (Ref. 55172). Subtropical; 58°N - 37°S, 98°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean to Moçamedes, Angola. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina (Ref. 7251).
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 16.3, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 7348); common length : 44.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 47377); 最大公表体重: 6.2 kg (Ref. 40637)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 3; 背鰭 (合計): 26-29; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 23 - 26. Tall, with a small mouth and plate like scales (Ref. 35388). Three faint irregular broad dark bars on body; a narrow pale transverse band on chin; small light blue spots on upper half of body and median fins, and irregular short lines ventrally (Ref. 13442).
Inhabits bays, harbors, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). May drift with young at surface among Sargassum (Ref. 9710). Usually solitary or in small groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic invertebrates like mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 4727). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Consumed mostly fresh, smoked, and dried salted. The flesh is of excellent quality. Because it is resistant to capture, it proliferates and competes for food with other species (Ref. 5377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Adults guard the embryos nested in sand which hatched in about two days (Ref. 9778).
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst, 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p. (Ref. 35505)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)
水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 公共の水族館
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9 - 26.2, mean 17.8 °C (based on 1432 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.01726 - 0.02415), b=2.90 (2.85 - 2.95), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.2 (2.4 - 5.8) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.18-0.43; tm=1).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.79, Based on 1 stock assessment.
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .