Balistes capriscus, Grey triggerfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium
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Balistes capriscus Gmelin 1789

Grey triggerfish
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Balistes capriscus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Balistes capriscus (Grey triggerfish)
Balistes capriscus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Balistes: Latin, balista, -ae = crossbowman. In Greek, ballo = to throw (Ref. 45335);  capriscus: Specific name 'capriscus' meaning a small goat; probably referring to its 'face' which looks like a small goat (to be confirmed)..  More on author: Gmelin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 0 - 100 m (Ref. 7348), usually 0 - 55 m (Ref. 55172).   Subtropical; 58°N - 37°S, 98°W - 36°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean to Moçamedes, Angola. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to Argentina (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 16.3, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 7348); common length : 44.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 47377); poids max. publié: 6.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 3; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 26-29; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 23 - 26. Tall, with a small mouth and plate like scales (Ref. 35388). Three faint irregular broad dark bars on body; a narrow pale transverse band on chin; small light blue spots on upper half of body and median fins, and irregular short lines ventrally (Ref. 13442).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits bays, harbors, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). May drift with young at surface among Sargassum (Ref. 9710). Usually solitary or in small groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic invertebrates like mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 4727). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Consumed mostly fresh, smoked, and dried salted. The flesh is of excellent quality. Because it is resistant to capture, it proliferates and competes for food with other species (Ref. 5377).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Adults guard the embryos nested in sand which hatched in about two days (Ref. 9778).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaborateurs

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst, 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p. (Ref. 35505)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Vulnérable, voir Liste Rouge IUCN (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 06 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Morphométrie
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Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
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BRUVS
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Profil d'aquaculture
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9 - 26.2, mean 17.8 °C (based on 1432 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.01726 - 0.02415), b=2.90 (2.85 - 2.95), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.2 (2.4 - 5.8) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.18-0.43; tm=1).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.79, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.