Sargocentron tiereoides, Pink squirrelfish

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Sargocentron tiereoides (Bleeker, 1853)

Pink squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sargocentron tiereoides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Holocentriformes (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) 金眼鯛目 (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) 金鱗魚科 (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 0 - 45 m (Ref. 90102), usually 0 - 15 m (Ref. 90102). 熱帶; 30°N - 21°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa (except the Red Sea) to the Line and Society Islands, north to Ryukyu and Wake Islands, south to Vanuatu; throughout Micronesia.
印度-太平洋: 東非 (除了紅海以外) 到列島群島與社會群島, 北至琉球與維克島, 南至萬那度; 在密克羅尼西亞各處。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.5 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 90102)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 12-14; 臀棘 4; 臀鰭軟條: 9 - 10. Body silvery pink with longitudinal red stripes; head red with silvery reflections on the cheek and opercle; spinous dorsal pink (or light red) with submarginal dark red band, the membranes tipped in white; other fins red to yellowish red, with the upper and lower edges of the caudal fin darker red; leading edges of anal and pelvic fins white with a submarginal darker red band, base of pectoral fins darker red (Ref. 4201 and 27370). Four oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.6-2.9 in SL; head length (HL) 2.6-2.85 in SL; snout length 3.45-3.95 in HL; mouth often terminal; maxilla extending to between verticals just short of front of the pupil and just about center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.45-2.6 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; anterior end of nasal bone with 2 short diverging spines; surface and medial margin of nasal bone spineless; moderately large nasal fossa often spineless on margin (an 11.8 cm SL specimen from Comoros, ROM 56585, has 2 spinules on the edge of the fossa, one on each side; a 9.4 cm, FMNH 17947, has a small spinule on one side on the edge of the fossa); upper edge of suborbital bones uniformly serrate; preopercular spine about 2/3 orbit diameter, 3.8-4.7 in HL; opercular spines 2, the lower from 2/3 as long to nearly as long as upper spine; short dorsal spines, 3rd to 5th dorsal spines subequal, 4th usually longest, 2.25-2.7 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.25-1.6 in HL (Ref. 27370).
身體銀粉紅色有縱向的紅色斑紋; 頭部在頰部與鰓蓋上紅色的有銀色的反光; 刺狀的背部粉紅色 (或淡紅色) 有靠近邊緣的暗紅色條紋,薄膜在白色頂端了; 其他的鰭紅色到淡黃色的紅色, 藉由尾鰭的上、下邊緣暗紅色; 臀鰭與腹鰭鰭的前緣白色的有一條靠近邊緣的暗紅色條紋,胸鰭基底鰭暗紅色.(參考文獻 4201 與 27370) 在頰上的四斜的鱗片列; 體高 2.6-2.9 分之一標準體長; 頭長 (HL)2.6-2.85 分之一標準體長; 吻的長度 3.45-3.95個 HL比率; 嘴時常末端的; 延伸至的顎骨在垂直的之間正好短的瞳孔的前面而且差不多眼集中, 上頜長度 2.45-2.6個 HL比率; 上頜骨前的凹槽延伸到眼窩的在前緣的一條垂直線; 鼻骨的前端有兩個分開棘的短; 鼻骨的表面與中間邊緣無棘的; 普通大的鼻窩時常無棘的在邊緣上 (來自科摩洛的一件 11.8 公分 SL 標本 , ROM 56585,在窩的邊緣上有 2個小刺, 一在兩邊上; 9.4 公分 , FMNH 17947,在窩的邊緣上的一個側邊上有一個小的小刺); 眶下骨的上緣均勻鋸齒狀; 前鰓蓋骨棘大約 2/3 眼窩直徑,3.8-4.7個 HL比率; 鰓蓋棘 2, 下面的從 2/3 當長的對幾乎長達上面的棘; 短背棘, 第三到第 5個背棘幾乎相等的, 第 4 通常長的,2.25-2.7個 HL比率; 第三個臀鰭硬棘 1.25-1.6個 HL比率.(參考文獻 27370)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in relatively deep waters of outer reef slopes and has been collected on reef flat and lagoon patch reefs. Feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps at night. Spine of preopercle venomous.

發現於外礁斜坡的相當深水域而且已經在礁石平臺與潟湖礁坪上被收集了。 主要吃底棲的螃蟹與蝦在晚上。 前鰓蓋骨的棘有毒的。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 東非 (除了紅海以外) 到列島群島與社會群島, 北至琉球與維克島, 南至萬那度; 在密克羅尼西亞各處。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有毒的 (Ref. 2334)





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.6 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2259 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00810 - 0.03401), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.60 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 86.7 [32.5, 283.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.518 [0.245, 1.550] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.154 [0.065, 0.365] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.1 [20.2, 66.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 61 [24, 162] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.88 [0.87, 3.66] mg/100g (wet weight);