Squatina californica, Pacific angelshark : fisheries

You can sponsor this page

Squatina californica Ayres, 1859

Pacific angelshark
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Squatina californica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | 谷歌图片
Image of Squatina californica (Pacific angelshark)
Squatina californica
Picture by Murch, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Squatiniformes (Angel sharks) 琵琶鮫目 (Angel sharks) > Squatinidae (Angel sharks) 琵琶鮫科(Angel sharks) (Angel sharks)
Etymology: Squatina: Latin, squatina, -ae = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Ayres.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 3 - 205 m (Ref. 9253), usually 3 - 46 m (Ref. 54903).   亞熱帶的; 60°N - 22°N, 139°W - 104°W (Ref. 54903)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: southeastern Alaska to Gulf of California; Costa Rica to southern Chile.
東太平洋: 阿拉斯加州東南方到加州灣; 哥斯大黎加到智利南部。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 86 - 108 cm
Max length : 152 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 247); 最大年龄: 35 年 (Ref. 6147)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 0

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf and littoral areas (Ref. 247).A sluggish and inactive species that buries itself in sand or mud (Ref. 247). Also found around rocks, heads of submarine canyons, and sometimes near kelp forests (Ref. 247). Feeds on bottom and epibenthic fishes, including croakers, California halibut, and squid (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Can whip up its head and snap very quickly when touched, provoked, harassed, or speared, and can inflict painful lacerations (Ref. 247).

栖息于大陆架与沿海地区区域了。 (参考文献 247)掩藏于沙或泥中的一个缓动性而不活跃的种.(参考文献 247) 也岩石,海中峡谷的头部周围发现, 与有时在海藻林的附近.(参考文献 247) 吃底部而浅海底栖鱼,包括嗄嗄叫, 加州大比目鱼 , 与乌贼.(参考文献 247) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449) 能突然抬起它的头部而且非常快地猛咬当接触,激怒,被攻击, 或猎杀了, 而且能施放令人痛苦的撕裂.(参考文献 247)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).東太平洋: 阿拉斯加州東南方到加州灣; 哥斯大黎加到智利南部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  临近濒危 (NT) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2014

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  引起创伤的 (Ref. 247)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.5 - 25.9, mean 21 °C (based on 60 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00273 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 7.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (K=0.15-0.16; tm=8-13; tmax=35; Fec=6).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (65 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 26.2 [3.9, 90.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.977 [0.267, 2.616] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.4, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.379 [0.186, 0.779] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.5 [8.2, 81.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.5 [4.0, 27.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.435 [0.211, 0.888] mg/100g (wet weight);