Pristiophorus cirratus, Common sawshark : fisheries

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Pristiophorus cirratus (Latham, 1794)

Common sawshark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pristiophorus cirratus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pristiophorus cirratus (Common sawshark)
Pristiophorus cirratus
Picture by FAO

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (tubarões e raias) (sharks and rays) > Pristiophoriformes (Saw sharks) > Pristiophoridae (Saw sharks)
Etymology: Pristiophorus: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; intervalo de profundidade 37 - 310 m (Ref. 6871), usually 37 - 146 m (Ref. 54709).   Subtropical; 20°S - 41°S, 112°E - 150°E (Ref. 54709)

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia (Ref. 6871). Does not occur in the Western Central Pacific (Ref. 31368).

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?, range 97 - ? cm
Max length : 137 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 247); common length : 125 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9987); idade máx. registrada: 15 anos (Ref. 6871)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Pristiophorus cirratus has a long, narrow, and narrowly tapering rostrum (rostrum length is 27-29% of TL), distance from rostral tip to barbels about equal or slightly greater than distance from barbels to mouth (1:1.2-1.3); distance from rostral barbels to nostrils slightly less or equal to distance from nostrils to 1st to 4th gill slits. About 9-10 large rostral teeth on each side of the rostrum in front of the barbels, 9 behind them; distance from mouth to nostrils 1.3-1.4 times internarial space. Tooth rows 39-49 in upper jaw. Dorsal and pectoral fins covered with denticles in large specimens. Lateral trunk denticles largely unicuspidate. First dorsal fin origin behind free rear tips of pectorals by eye length or more (Ref. 247). P. cirratus has a body pattern of dark blotches (mostly darker bands between pectoral fin bases, over gill slits, between spiracles and below dorsal fins) and spots (occasionally faint). Nostrils, almost circular, are situated about 2/3 way from barbels to corner or mouth, width at nostrils more than 4.5 in preoral snout in adults; preoral snout length more than 2.3 times distance from barbels to snout tip (Ref. 6871). Rostral teeth with dark margins; underside abruptly uniformly white (Ref. 41394). First dorsal fin origin behind free rear tips of pectorals by eye length or more (Ref. 247). Caudal fin almost straight, with slender upper and lower lobes; pectoral well developed but are not ray-like (Ref. 6871).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf and upper slope. Forms schools. Feeds on small fishes, including cornet fishes (Fistularia), and crustaceans. Ovoviviparous, with 3-22 young in a litter (48360). Size at birth about 31-34 cm. May live for more than 15 years. Meat marketed fresh and frozen.

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Males mature at about 97 cm, born at about 38 cm (Ref. 6871). Common sawshark lives for more than 15 years. Mature females appear to breed every 1-2 years, carrying from 3-22 young, with about 10 being the average. After 12 months' gestation, the pups are born in shallow coastal areas. They are about 11-14.5 in (27-37 cm) long at birth (Ref. 48640).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Colaboradores

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 April 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espécies comerciais
FAO - pescarias: perfil da espécie; Publication: search | FishSource |

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Fontes da internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Checar Observador de Peixes (FishWatcher) | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gênero, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - pescarias: perfil da espécie; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: Ir para, procura | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registro zoológico

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14 - 17.7, mean 15.4 °C (based on 112 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.71 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 4,5 - 14 anos (tmax=15; Fec=3).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   High.