Trachinocephalus trachinus

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Trachinocephalus trachinus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

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Trachinocephalus trachinus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Trachinocephalus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 3 - 388 m (Ref. 58302), usually 40 - 183 m (Ref. 110386).

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: African coast of the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea to Hawaii in the central Pacific Ocean.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 22.8 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 110386)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 11-14; 臀鳍软条: 13 - 18. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: snout length (LSn) 40.4-108.5% eye diameter (DE), mean 74.8% (vs. mean 40.1% in T. gauguini and 79.1% in T. trachinus); LSn 15.0-26.0% body depth (DB), mean 21.2 (vs. mean 14.7% in T. gauguini); interorbital width 5.2-12.0%, mean 8.7% LH (vs. mean 5.6% in T. gauguini); DE 11.0-22.6% LH, mean 16.6% (vs. mean 19.6% in T. gauguini and 15.7% in T. myops); length of the last dorsal-fin ray 8.7-11.8% LS, mean 10.1% (vs. mean 10.8% in T. gauguini and 9.4% in T. myops); anal-fin rays 13-18, mode 16 (vs. mode 14 in T. gauguini and 15 in T. myops); pectoral-fin rays 11-13, mode 12 (vs. mode 11 in T. gauguini); predorsal scales 14-18, mode 16 (vs. mode 17 in T. myops). differs further from T. gauguini and T. myops by the deep mitochondrial distances (15.7-19.0 and 15.1-17.8%, respectively) (Ref. 110386).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in estauries and inshore waters to 200 m (Ref. 110386); benthic at 3-388 m (Ref. 58302). Found near shore above 40 m over sandy bottoms of deep outer reef slopes (Ref. 11230). Reported to be common in estuaries (Ref. 11228, 48635). Rest on or more often burrow into substrate, leaving eyes exposed and when disturbed, it may swim a short distance but quickly buries itself again (Ref. 48635). Feed on fishes (Ref. 5213) and small crustaceans (Ref. 36558).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Polanco, F.A., P.A. Acero and Betancur-R. R., 2016. No longer a circumtropical species: revision of the lizardfishes in the Trachinocephalus myops species complex, with description of a new species from the Marquesas Islands. J. Fish Biol. 89(2):1302-1323. (Ref. 110386)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 June 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.01251 - 0.04007), b=3.39 (3.23 - 3.55), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .