Rhynchobatus mononoke, Japanese wedgefish

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Rhynchobatus mononoke Koeda, Itou, Yamada & Motomura, 2020

Japanese wedgefish
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Image of Rhynchobatus mononoke (Japanese wedgefish)
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drawing shows typical species in Rhinidae.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes(Genere, Specie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinidae (Wedgefishes)
Etymology: Rhynchobatus: Greek, rhingchos = snout + Greek, batis, -idos = a sting ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  mononoke: Name 'mononoke' means 'specter' in Japanese, due to the ventral surface of specimens appearing like a traditional Japanese specter, wearing a triangular white hat (crown) on its forehead; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino; distribuzione batimetrica 15 - 136 m (Ref. 123186).   Subtropical

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: southern Japan.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 123186); 200.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: snout obtusely wedge shaped, angle ca. 52-57°; preoral length 17.4-17.9% TL, prespiracular length 19.3-19.5%; interdorsal space 16.7-17.9%; total pectoral-fn radials 54-56; total free vertebral centra 136-144; tooth rows on upper jaw ca. 54-66; no spines on snout; outer fold on posterior margin of spiracle is more pronounced than inner fold; pre-first dorsal-fin length 46.4-48.6%; apex of dorsal fins bluntly rounded; origin of first dorsal fn about level with the pelvic-fin origin; middle of pectoral disc with a spiracle-sized black blotch followed by a single white spot (rarely absent) posterodorsally; distal region of pectoral disc to mid-dorsal area without distinct white spots; a single blotch below the eye is usually absent; anterior half of undersurface covered with a rounded black blotch; near the snout tip, a pair of small distinct black spots (Ref. 123186).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

This species is currently known only from nearshore to offshore waters and have been collected by set net from 15-35 m, but was also reported to have been taken at 135 m by bottom trawl. Based on photos of landed individuals, this species probably attains close to 3 m TL. The captive female individual held for at least 15 years in the Kagoshima City Aquarium reached to 2 m TL. This wedgefish is occasionally landed at fish markets in Kagoshima Prefecture and used for culinary purpose. Reported catches of the species were very rare in the East China Sea and is apparently restricted distribution and increasing rarity indicate that the species should immediately be included in the IUCN Red List CR “Critically Endangered” category, together with other congeners (Ref. 123186).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Koeda, K., M. Itou, M. Yamada and H. Motomura, 2020. Rhynchobatus mononoke, a new species of wedgefish (Rhinopristiformes: Rhinidae) from Japan, with comments on Rhynchobatus laevis (Bloch and Schneider 1801). Ichthyol Res (2020):online (Ref. 123186)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genere, Specie | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, ricerca | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00161 - 0.00818), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .