Pliotrema annae, Anna’s sixgill sawshark

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Pliotrema annae Weigmann, Gon, Leeney & Temple, 2020

Anna’s sixgill sawshark
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Image of Pliotrema annae (Anna’s sixgill sawshark)
Pliotrema annae
Female picture by Weigmann, S.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Pristiophoriformes (Saw sharks) > Pristiophoridae (Saw sharks)
Etymology: Pliotrema: Greek, pleios = more + Greek, trema = hole (Ref. 45335);  annae: Named for Anna Weigmann Huerta, the niece of the first author.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; diepteverspreiding 20 - 35 m (Ref. 122027), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Zanzibar and probably off Kenya and Somalia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 98.0 cm TL (female)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

This medium-sized six-gilled sawshark is distinguished by the following characters: barbel origin to anterior nostrils 1.9-2.0 times anterior nostrils to symphysis upper jaw; prenarial length 1.6-1.7 times prebarbel length; preoral length 1.5-1.7 times interdorsal space; pectoral-fin anterior margin 1.4-1.5 times dorsal-caudal space; mouth width 2.7-3.2 times spiracle length; the first dorsal fin originates about opposite pectoral-fin free rear tips; lateral trunk dermal denticles tricuspidate, rather flat and imbricated; monospondylous centra 53-54; precaudal diplospondylous centra 46-49; total vertebral centra 154; generally with a shorter snout, head length 34.2-34.5% TL, preorbital length 21.7-22.0% TL, preoral length 24.6-25.1% TL, prebarbel length 12.6-12.7% TL, and barbel origin to symphysis upper jaw 12.1-12.3% TL; with lower total large lateral rostral tooth and ventral rostral spine counts, and a rostrum that is slightly constricted between barbel origin and nostrils. Similar to P. kajae, with barbels situated about half way from rostral tip to mouth, with prebarbel length about equidistant from barbel origin to symphysis of upper jaw, while in P. warreni, the barbels are situated about two thirds way from rostral tip to mouth, with prebarbel length about twice distance from barbel origin to symphysis of upper jaw. Colouration: uniform medium to dark brown dorsally without longitudinal stripes; white ventrally but with few indistinct dark blotches on belly; fins with pronounced white posterior fin margins, especially the caudal and pectoral fins; dorsal rostrum surface with two distinct longitudinal dark stripes, lateral rostral teeth dark-edged (Ref. 122027).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Probably occurs in deeper waters during the day but enters shallow water during the night. The specimens were caught directly adjacent to a dropoff along the southern tip of Unguja Island where the water depth descends rapidly from ca.20 m to >200 m (Ref. 122027).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medewerkers

Weigmann, S., O. Gon, R.H. Leeney, E. Barrowclift, P. Berggren, N. Jiddawi and A.J. Temple, 2020. Revision of the sixgill sawsharks, genus Pliotrema (Chondrichthyes, Pristiophoriformes), with descriptions of two new species and a redescription of  P.  warreni Regan. PLoS ONE, 15 (3)[0228791]:1-56. (Ref. 122027)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 20 April 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .