Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335); smithi: Named for David G. Smith, United States National Museum.
[Entered by: 14 and Modified by: YOUR # Shift+Enter to Save the record before entering the Ref # in MainRef field.].
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 200 m (Ref. 121832). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean, southeastern Arabian Sea, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 121832)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: a moderate sized moray eel with greyish brown colour overlain with small irregular white spots; anus is slightly behind mid-point of the body; broad head with short jaws, the snout tip blunt and short; eyes small and closer to rictus than to the snout tip; teeth pointed and serrated teeth, the vomerine teeth uniserial anteriorly, biserial centrally and uniserial posteriorly; branchial pores 1-2; vertebral count 3-5 /57/130-132 (Ref. 121832).
Known only from three type specimens collected by demersal trawl at about 200 m depth (on the basis of holotype, not known for paratypes) (Ref. 121832).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sumod, K.S., A. Mohapatra, V.N. Sanjeevan, T.G. Kishor and K.K. Bineesh, 2019. A new species of white-spotted moray eel, Gymnothorax smithi (Muraenidae: Muraeninae) from deep waters of Arabian Sea, India. Zootaxa 4652(2):359-366. (Ref. 121832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00047 (0.00024 - 0.00090), b=3.28 (3.12 - 3.44), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .