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Balitora chipkali Kumkar, Katwate, Raghavan & Dahanukar, 2016

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drawing shows typical species in Balitoridae.

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> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Balitoridae (River loaches)
Etymology: chipkali: The specific name chipkali, means lizard in Hindi, refers to the general lizard-like appearance of the fish in its habitat, where is it usually found adhering to rocks and boulders in fast-flowing streams. A noun in apposition..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water demersaal. Tropical

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Asia: Kali River system in Karnataka, India.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 109578)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11; Anale zachte stralen: 8; Wervels: 34. Balitora chipkali is distinguished from all other species of Balitora by the following combination of characters: a single maxillary barbel on each corner of the gape; upper lip with 9-12 papillae in first series and 3-8 papillae in second series, lower lip with 6 papillae; eye diameter greater than 15% HL; gape of mouth less than 30% HL; snout length 49.6-57.6% HL with snout length less than 4 times eye diameter; body depth less than 15% SL; caudal peduncle depth 6.9-7.8% SL; caudal peduncle length-to-depth ratio less than 3.0, 66-68 lateral line scales; 11 caudal vertebrae excluding compound centrum; third infraorbital sensory-canal tube straight; pharyngobranchial 2 greatly reduced; posterior ceratohyal more than 80% of the length of the anterior ceratohyal and almost round; and 7 dorsal saddles, not reaching lateral irregular crossbar markings (Ref. 109578).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

The type locality is a shallow stream with substrates composed of boulders, rocks, pebbles, gravel, and mud. Occurs together with the following fish species: Cyprinidae (Haludaria sp., Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Day), Osteochilichthys cf. nashii (Day), Pethia sp., Puntius cf. sahyadriensis Silas, Devario malabaricus (Jerdon)); Aplocheilidae (Aplocheilus cf. lineatus (Valenciennes)); Mastacembelidae (Mastacembelus armatus (Lacepède)); and Sisoridae (Glyptothorax sp.) (Ref. 109578).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

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Kumkar, P., U. Katwate, R. Raghavan and N. Dahanukar, 2016. Balitora chipkali, a new species of stone loach (Teleostei: Balitoridae) from the northern Western Ghats of India, with a note on the distribution of B. laticauda. Zootaxa 4138(1):155-170. (Ref. 109578)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00303 - 0.01580), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).