Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; menderesensis: Derived from the Büyük Menderes River. An adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Asia: Lake Işıklı, Büyük Menderes River in Turkey.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115535)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Hemigrammocapoeta menderesensis can be diagnosed from all its congeners in Anatolia by the following unique combination of characters (none unique to the species): mouth small, subterminal, horseshoe shaped, arched and without barbel; lips developed, lower lip with two lateral lobes and median pad; lateral lobe small and shorter than half width of median pad; lower and upper lips with numerous papillae; 6–17 lateral line scales (mean=10.1; SD=0.74) and 36–41 +1–2 scales in lateral series (mean=38.5; SD=0.45); gill rakers on outer side of first gill arch 15–17 (mean=16; SD= 0.24); caudal fin slightly forked, lobes slightly pointed; some flank scales with large black spots and numerous small black dots on each flank scale (Ref. 115535).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Küçük, F., E. Bayçelebi, S.S. Güçlü and İ. Gülle, 2015. Description of a new species of Hemigrammocapoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Lake Işıklı, Turkey. Zootaxa 4052(3):359-365. (Ref. 115535)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00451 - 0.02020), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .