Characidium summus : fisheries

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Characidium summus Zanata & Ohara 2015

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Characidium summus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Characiformes (Characins) > Crenuchidae (South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335);  summus: From the Latin summus, which means high, elevated, alluding to the high altitude where the species occurs, near Pico Tracoá, higher than 1100 m above sea level in the Serra dos Pacaás Novos (Ref. 104900).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; pH range: ? - 3.6.    ? - 22°C

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

South America: only known from upper rio Pacaás Novos, a tributary of rio Mamoré, rio Madeira basin, Rondônia State, Brazil (Ref. 104900).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 104900)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 11-13; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 9; 脊椎骨: 36. Diagnosis: Characidium summus is a unique species among congeners by lacking an adipose fin and having a complete lateral line; can be further distinguished from congeners, including C. vestigipinne, that have complete lateral line and adipose fin absent, vestigial or reduced by the absence of dark bars or spots on head, body or fins, except for a dark blotch immediately on the rear of opercle, a narrow midlateral dark stripe (less than half scale deep), and a dark basicaudal spot (Ref. 104900).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

The rio Pacaás Novos is a black water river, with moderate water current and predominantly rocky bottom; specimens of C. summus were sampled in small puddles (1-4 m wide and 1.5 m deep) and laterally in the river backwaters (Ref. 104900).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Zanata, A.M., L.M. Sarmento-Soares and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2015. A new species of Characidium Reinhardt (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from coastal rivers in the extreme south of Bahia, Brazil. Zootaxa 4040(3):371-383. (Ref. 104900)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

渔业:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00475 - 0.03656), b=3.02 (2.78 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  .
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .