分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335); summus: From the Latin summus, which means high, elevated, alluding to the high altitude where the species occurs, near Pico Tracoá, higher than 1100 m above sea level in the Serra dos Pacaás Novos (Ref. 104900).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水层性; pH range: ? - 3.6. ? - 22°C
South America: only known from upper rio Pacaás Novos, a tributary of rio Mamoré, rio Madeira basin, Rondônia State, Brazil (Ref. 104900).
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 104900)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 11-13; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 9; 脊椎骨: 36. Diagnosis: Characidium summus is a unique species among congeners by lacking an adipose fin and having a complete lateral line; can be further distinguished from congeners, including C. vestigipinne, that have complete lateral line and adipose fin absent, vestigial or reduced by the absence of dark bars or spots on head, body or fins, except for a dark blotch immediately on the rear of opercle, a narrow midlateral dark stripe (less than half scale deep), and a dark basicaudal spot (Ref. 104900).
The rio Pacaás Novos is a black water river, with moderate water current and predominantly rocky bottom; specimens of C. summus were sampled in small puddles (1-4 m wide and 1.5 m deep) and laterally in the river backwaters (Ref. 104900).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Zanata, A.M., L.M. Sarmento-Soares and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2015. A new species of Characidium Reinhardt (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from coastal rivers in the extreme south of Bahia, Brazil. Zootaxa 4040(3):371-383. (Ref. 104900)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00475 - 0.03656), b=3.02 (2.78 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .