Melanotaenia picta, Painted rainbowfish

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Melanotaenia picta Allen, Hadiaty, Unmack & Erdmann, 2015

Painted rainbowfish
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drawing shows typical species in Melanotaeniidae.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae (Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335);  picta: From the Latin 'picta', meaning painted, in reference to its beautiful color pattern.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique.   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Mareremar River system in Kobroor Island, Aru Islands, Indonesia.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 110723); 7.9 cm SL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 5 - 6; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 114; Épines anales 1; Rayons mous anaux: 19 - 23. This species can be diagnosed by the following combination of characters: V-VI-I,11-14 dorsal-fin rays; I,19-23 anal-fin rays; 13-16 (usually 14) pectoral-fin rays; 35-36 scales on lateral line, 16-19 predorsal scales; 16-22 (usually > 20) cheek scales; 15-19 total gill rakers on first arch; greatest body depth of adult male 33.9 % SL; color in life generally shades of blue green to blue with metallic reflections and indication of darker blue mid-lateral stripe, most prominent on caudal peduncle where edged below with relatively broad white stripe; in situ color pattern composed of brilliant golden reflections especially conspicuous on each side of midlateral region on side of body and caudal peduncle; and reddish to yellow highlights on dorsal, anal, and caudal fins (Ref. 110723).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occupies habitat considered among the most scenic freshwater environments found at the Aru Islands, consisting of small, rainforest brooks with quiet pools interspersed with cascades to 3-4 m high. The habitat has excellent water clarity and stream channels composed of relatively smooth limestone with minimal aquatic vegetation, but abundant shelter for fishes in the form of log snags (Ref. 110723).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Allen, G.R., R.K. Hadiaty, P.J. Unmack and M.V. Erdmann, 2015. Rainbowfishes (Melanotaenia: Melanotaeniidae) of the Aru Islands, Indonesia with descriptions of five new species and redescription of M. patoti Weber and M. senckenbergianus Weber. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 21(2):66-108. (Ref. 110723)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .