Melanotaenia aruensis, Aru rainbowfish

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Melanotaenia aruensis Allen, Hadiaty, Unmack & Erdmann, 2015

Aru rainbowfish
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drawing shows typical species in Melanotaeniidae.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae (Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335);  aruensis: Named for its tye locality, Aru Islands.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; pH range: 8.0 - ?.   Tropical; 27°C - ? (Ref. 110723)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Trangan Island and Kobroor Island in Aru Islands, Indonesia.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 110723); 6.9 cm SL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 5 - 7; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10-13; Épines anales 1; Rayons mous anaux: 20 - 23. Melanotaenia aruensis is distinguished by the following combination of characters: V to VII-I,10-13 dorsal-fin rays; I,20-23 anal-fin rays; 14-15 pectoral-fin rays; 34-36 scales on lateral line, 15-18 predorsal scales; 13-19 cheek scales; 17-18 total gill rakers on first arch; greatest body depth of adult male 35.1 % SL; least depth of caudal peduncle 9.5-11.1 % SL; colour in life grey-brown dorsally on head, nape, and adjacent anterodorsal portion of body; posterior two-thirds of upper half of body bluish grey with narrow bronze margin around each scale and bronze stripe between each horizontal scale row; dorsal and caudal fins semitranslucent grey, second dorsal fin with relatively broad whitish margin (Ref. 110723).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

The type locality on Trangan Island lies in a luxuriant rainforest on the downstream side of a spectacular 75 m-long limestone tunnel. The stream has about 10-12 m width, 0.5-2.0 m depth and relatively clear and slow-flowing water with a rocky limestone bottom and abundant cover mainly in the form of submerged fallen tree limbs. Another location on Kobroor Island where the species occurs is also lined by luxuriant forest and has 15-20 m width, 1-3 m depth, and clear and slow flowing water. The margins of the channel are composed of abundant, partially submerged terrestrial plants, which offered abundant shelter for small fishes (Ref. 110723).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Allen, G.R., R.K. Hadiaty, P.J. Unmack and M.V. Erdmann, 2015. Rainbowfishes (Melanotaenia: Melanotaeniidae) of the Aru Islands, Indonesia with descriptions of five new species and redescription of M. patoti Weber and M. senckenbergianus Weber. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 21(2):66-108. (Ref. 110723)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .