Squalus albicaudus, Brazilian whitetail dogfish

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Squalus albicaudus Viana, Carvalho & Gomes 2016

Brazilian whitetail dogfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Squalus albicaudus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squalus albicaudus (Brazilian whitetail dogfish)
Squalus albicaudus
Male picture by Viana, S.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) 角鯊目 (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks) 棘鮫科 (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  albicaudus: Name from Latin 'albus' for white and 'cauda' for tail, referring to the white ventral lobe of its caudal fin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性; 深度上下限 195 - 421 m (Ref. 109601).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Southwest Atlantic: Brazil (between NE and SE Brazilian coast; often reported between the states of Bahia and Espírito Santo; distribution to southern Brazil is unknown).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.5 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 109601); 59.0 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

脊椎骨: 110 - 116. This species can be distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: caudal fin with a mostly white ventral caudal lobe, its dorsal margin white at midline, and postventral margins broadly white; posterior margin of pectoral-fin broadly white; first dorsal fin with anterior margin also conspicuously white on its anterior half; differs from all species of the S. mitsukurii group with its short snout (vs. large), pectoral-fin free rear tips pointed (vs. rounded), dermal denticles lanceolate and unicuspid (vs. rhomboid and tricuspid); differs from S. cubensis by having a snout strongly pointed (vs. somewhat rounded), second dorsal-fin spine not reaching second dorsal-fin apex (vs. spine reaching second dorsal-fin apex), first dorsal fin with dark apex, but not as a black blotch (vs. distinct black blotch on both dorsal fins), pectoral fins with posterior margin broadly white (vs. narrowly white), in external morphometrics (Squalus albicaudus has a shorter first dorsal fin, anterior margin length 10.9%, 9.7%-11.2% TL vs. 11.6%, 11.6%-12.7% TL, shorter second dorsal fin, anterior margin length 9.2%, 8.8%-10.8% TL vs. 12.3%, 11.2%-11.6% TL, inner margin length 5.0%, 4.1%-5.2% TL vs. 5.6%, 5.5%-6.0% TL, more slender second dorsal-fin spine, width at base 0.9%, 0.6%-0.9% TL vs. 1.0%, 1.0%-1.2%, and clasper much more elongated, inner margin length 7.1%, 6.9%-7.7% TL vs. 8.0%, 3.3%-3.8% TL (Ref. 109601).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

de F. Viana, S.T., M.R. De Carvalho and U.L. Gomes, 2016. Taxonomy and morphology of species of the genus Squalus Linnaeus, 1758 from the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Squalidae). Zootaxa 4133(1):1-89. (Ref. 109601)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00349 - 0.02496), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .