Characidium amaila

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Characidium amaila Lujan, Agudelo-Zamora, Taphorn, Booth & López-Fernández 2013

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Characidium amaila
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Characiformes (Characins) > Crenuchidae (South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335);  amaila: Named for Amaila Falls, a striking feature of the Guiana Shield escarpment in western Guyana that will have altered flow following completion of a dam that is now being planned. A noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性.   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South America: upper Kuribrong River (Potaro-Essequibo drainage), upstream of Amaila Falls in Guyana.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.6 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 94269)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 10-12; 臀鰭軟條: 8; 脊椎骨: 35. It is distinguished from most congeners by lacking scales on the isthmus and chest, and by having 8-13 premaxillary teeth, the first four pectoral-fin rays noticeably thickened, 34-36 lateral line scales, and branchiostegal membranes that are free from each other across the isthmus. It differs further by its large adult body size (max. = 85.5 mm SL), and by having a tan body base color with a dark midlateral stripe that originates on the upper lip and continues posteriorly to the base of the middle caudal-fin rays, a gray to dark-black dorsum with two horizontal rows of small light spots formed by aligned light-colored scale centers, a dark humeral spot, up to 15 irregular black bars that extend from dorsum to lower sides, a light opercular margin, and fins that are uniformly dusky. Several cranial, vertebral, and swim bladder characteristics make this species distinct from other congeners (Ref. 94269)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Collected from each of five separate rapids habitats encountered in the upper Kuribrong watershed. Inhabits shallow sandstone bedrock rapids with abundant attached macrophytes, including a representative of the Podostemaceae, a representative of the Eriocaulaceae (Rhondonanthus capillaceus), and a third species with long grass-like leaves (Ref. 94269).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Lujan, N.K., H. Agudelo-Zamora, D.C. Taphorn, P.N. Booth and H. López-Fernández, 2013. Description of a new, narrowly endemic South American Darter (Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from the Central Guiana shield highlands of Guyana. Copeia 2013(3):454-463. (Ref. 94269)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  .
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .