Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Priacanthidae
(Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Pristigenys: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, genys, -yos = face (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 80 - 100 m (Ref. 4328). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: eastern coast of Africa; north to Japan; south to Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94109)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10. Distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D X,11; A III,10; total gill rakers on first arch 23-26, mode 24 (upper limb 6-9, lower 16-18); lateral-line scales 31-37, mode 33; body scales above pectoral fin with about 11-40 spinules on posterior margin, the number increasing with growth up to ca. 20 cm SL; rounded caudal fin in young and adults; colour of posterior soft portions of vertical fins hyaline reddish with black margins, width about 1/4 of pupil diameter in fresh specimens (usually distinct in preservation); 5 white or pale relatively narrow vertical bands on body, the third around 1/4-2/5 width of pupil, somewhat expanded dorsally and ventrally, and relatively vertical throughout, including dorsal and ventral extremities (Ref. 94109).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwatsuki, Y., T. Matsuda, W.C. Starnes, T. Nakabo and T. Yoshino, 2012. A valid priacanthid species, Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862), and a redescription of P. niphonia (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829) in the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Priacanthidae). Zootaxa 3206:41-57. (Ref. 94109)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.3 - 27.1, mean 23.9 °C (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.00945 - 0.05301), b=2.93 (2.72 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .