Sphyrna gilberti, Carolina hammerhead

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Sphyrna gilberti Quattro, Driggers, Grady, Ulrich & Roberts, 2013

Carolina hammerhead
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drawing shows typical species in Sphyrnidae.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Sphyrnidae (Hammerhead, bonnethead, or scoophead sharks)
Etymology: Sphyrna: Probable misspelling of sphyra (Gr.), hammer, referring to their hammer-shaped heads. (See ETYFish);  gilberti: In honor of ichthyologist Carter R. Gilbert (b. 1930), Florida State Museum of Natural History, who first reported (1967) an anomalous specimen of S. lewini that is likely the first recorded individual of this species. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; havsvandrande. Subtropical

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: South Carolina, USA.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.1 cm OT hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 94083); 50.6 cm OT (female)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

This species is distinguished from its congeners by having a head length greater than 20% of STL (stretched total length); cephalofoil has median indentation; with inner narial groove; pelvic fins with straight rear margins; 91 or fewer precaudal vertebrae (Ref. 94083).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Measurements given in STL, stretch total length (Ref. 94083).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medarbetare

Quattro, J.M., W.B. III Driggers, J.M. Grady, G.F. Ulrich and M.A. Roberts, 2013. Sphyrna gilberti sp. nov., a new hammerhead shark (Carcharhiniformes, Sphyrnidae) from the western Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa 3702(2):159-178. (Ref. 94083)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 08 April 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
BRUVS
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
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Behandling
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

Verktyg

Special reports

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Internet-källor

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5029   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00156 - 0.00771), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mycket låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mer än 14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .