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Sphyrna gilberti Quattro, Driggers, Grady, Ulrich & Roberts, 2013

Carolina hammerhead
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Image of Sphyrna gilberti (Carolina hammerhead)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Sphyrnidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Sphyrnidae (Hammerhead, bonnethead, or scoophead sharks)
Etymology: Sphyrna: Probable misspelling of sphyra (Gr.), hammer, referring to their hammer-shaped heads. (See ETYFish);  gilberti: In honor of ichthyologist Carter R. Gilbert (b. 1930), Florida State Museum of Natural History, who first reported (1967) an anomalous specimen of S. lewini that is likely the first recorded individual of this species. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

海洋; 海洋洄游的.

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: South Carolina, USA.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.1 cm OT 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 94083); 50.6 cm OT (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

This species is distinguished from its congeners by having a head length greater than 20% of STL (stretched total length); cephalofoil has median indentation; with inner narial groove; pelvic fins with straight rear margins; 91 or fewer precaudal vertebrae (Ref. 94083).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Measurements given in STL, stretch total length (Ref. 94083).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Quattro, J.M., W.B. III Driggers, J.M. Grady, G.F. Ulrich and M.A. Roberts, 2013. Sphyrna gilberti sp. nov., a new hammerhead shark (Carcharhiniformes, Sphyrnidae) from the western Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa 3702(2):159-178. (Ref. 94083)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 08 April 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

国家
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生态系
标本纪录
简介
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生态学
食性
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食物消耗量
定量
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新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
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稚鱼动力学
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参考文献
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5029   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00157 - 0.00767), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).