Classification / Names
आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
इलाज़मौबरांकी (शारक और रेज़) (sharks and rays)
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: .randalli: Named for J.E. Randall, Bishop Museum; whose work on the taxonomy of Indo-Pacific fishes is legendary, and who was amongst the first authors to publish a photographic image of this species (as H. gerrardi) in his guide to the fishes of Oman (Randall, 1995). More on authors: Last, Manjaji-Matsumoto & Moore.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; समुद्री ड़िमरसल; गहराई सीमा 1 - 40 m (Ref. 90168), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: off Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and Iran. known from the Persian Gulf from where it is possibly endemic (Ref. 90168).
आकार / वज़न / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.2 cm WD पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 90168)
आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स
This medium-sized species (to at least 62 cm DW) is distinguished by the following set of characters: disc weakly rhomboidal; preorbital snout moderately elongate with weak apical lobe, snout angle 113-119°; rounded pectoral-fin apices, angle 96-98°; small, protrusible orbits; relatively broad mouth, its width 0.9-1.2 in internasal width; distance between first gill slits 2.5-2.6 times internasal distance; distance between fifth gill slits times 1.5-1.7 times internasal distance, 27-29% of ventral head length; broad pelvic-fin base, 13-17% DW; in juveniles, the tail behind sting is subcircular with deep longitudinal ventral groove and prominent mid-lateral ridge, in adults, it is weakly depressed; 1-2 (usually 1) small, broadly heart-shaped to seed shaped suprascapular denticles, primary denticle band and thorns absent; secondary denticle band irregularly sub-oval, relatively narrow (its maximum width across scapulocoracoid barely exceeding its width at spiracles), with well-defined lateral margins, narrowly tapering near tail base; fully developed band and covering entire dorsal surface of tail by 33 cm DW; dorsal surface mainly uniformly coloured (occasionally with dark flecks in specimens smaller than 25 cm DW), disc margin sometimes paler dorsally; ventral disc uniformly whitish, not black edged; in adults, darker dorsal surface of tail sharply demarcated from paler ventral surface; in neonates and juveniles, dark tail with conspicuous white saddles, its distal portion usually almost uniformly dark; pectoral-fin radials 124-129; 108-111 total vertebral count (excluding 1st synarcual centra), 43-44 monospondylous centra, 65-68 pre-sting diplospondylous centra (Ref. 90168).
Known from the Persian Gulf which is mostly shallower than 40 m and with depths rarely exceeding 60 m; soft substrates, mostly sand and mud (Ref. 90168).
Life cycle and mating behavior
परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा
Last, P.R., B.M. Manjaji-Matsumoto and A.B.M. Moore, 2012. Himantura randalli sp. nov., a new whipray (Myliobatoidea: Dasyatidae) from the Persian Gulf. Zootaxa 3327:20-32. (Ref. 90168)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
आम नामउपशब्दचपायचयपरभक्षीईकोटोकसीकोलौजीपुनरुत्पत्तिपरिपक्व अवधिमछलीऔ का अंडे देनाSpawning aggregationFecundityअंडेEgg development
Age/Sizeबाढ़Length-weightLength-lengthLength-frequenciesमौरफोमैटरिक्सआकृति विज्ञानलार्वालारवल गतिकीभर्तीबहुतायतBRUVS
संदर्भजलीयकृषिजलीयकृषि रूपरेखाखींचआनुवंशिकीऐल्लि आवृतियाँहैरेटिबिलटीबीमारीप्रक्रमणNutrientsMass conversion
सहयोगीयोतस्वीरेStamps, Coins Misc.ध्वनिसिगुयटिरारफ्तारतैरने के प्रकारगिल क्षेत्रOtolithsदिमागदृष्टि
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.4 - 29.3, mean 26.9 °C (based on 128 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00366 - 0.01891), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .