Bathyraja leucomelanos, Domino skate

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Bathyraja leucomelanos Iglésias & Lévy-Hartmann, 2012

Domino skate
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Bathyraja leucomelanos
Picture by Iglesias, S.P.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae (Softnose skates)
Etymology: Bathyraja: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, raja, -ae = a ray (Raja sp) (Ref. 45335);  leucomelanos: The species name leucomelanos, derived from the Greek leuco (white) and melanos (black), refers to the coloration with white and black dorsal and ventral surfaces, respectively.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 深海底的, usually 953 - 1022 m (Ref. 89184).    ; 20°S - 22°S, 157°E - 160°E (Ref. 114953)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: Coral Sea (off New Caledonia).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 88.8 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 89184)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

A medium-sized species of Bathyraja with the following combination of characters: snout long, pointed and very broad, supported by a slender flexible medial cartilage; margin of disc (anterior two-thirds) straight. Orbit about 6.0 times in preorbital length and 0.73 times interorbital width. Mouth moderately broad, 6.8% TL; outer margins of nasal curtain with distinct, broadly triangular lobelet immediately posterior to each nostril; posterior margin of nasal curtain with prominent fringes. Tail of moderate length (about 0.9 times precloacal length), slightly depressed and slender; lateral skin fold moderately developed. Dorsal surface of disc and tail entirely covered with small and fine dermal denticles; ventral surface naked; disc entirely free of enlarged thorns; tail with single median row of 18 large thorns laterally compressed. Dorsal fins small, oblique, about equal in height; epichordal caudal-fin lobe developed. Dorsal surface mostly uniformly white except for black color along disc and tail margins, anterior lobes of pelvic fins, claspers, and dorsal fins. Ventral surface entirely black. Clasper glans with pseudosiphon and component projection; ventral terminal cartilage spoonlike; accessory terminal 2 cartilage with an expanded disc-shaped tip. Distal section of crowns of alar thorns undulating. Tooth rows: 30 in upper jaw, 28 in lower jaw; trunk centra 35; predorsal caudal centra 70; diplospondylous centra 109; pectoral-fin radials 88 (Ref. 89184).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Probably a benthic species, found more widespread on deep insular slopes of Coral Sea (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Iglésias, S.P. and L. Lévy-Hartmann, 2012. Bathyraja leucomelanos, a new species of softnose skate (Chondrichthyes: Arhynchobatidae) from New Caledonia. Ichthyol. Res. 59(1):38-48. (Ref. 89184)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 June 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00254 - 0.01037), b=3.11 (2.94 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 ().
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .