Albula gilberti, Cortez bonefish

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Albula gilberti Pfeiler & van der Heiden, 2011

Cortez bonefish
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Albula gilberti
Picture by Wozniak, S.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Albuliformes (Bonefishes) 北梭魚目 (Bonefishes) > Albulidae (Bonefishes) 狐鰮科 (Bonefishes) > Albulinae
Etymology: Albula: Latin, albus = white (Ref. 45335);  gilberti: Named for the pioneer ichthyologist Charles Henry Gilbert who, in 1889, first recorded the metamorphosis of bonefish leptocephali (see Jordan 1905, and Gill 1907) based on specimens collected in the Gulf of California. Given that Gilbert's fish collections were conducted mainly along the shore and coastal waters of the northern Gulf of California (Gilbert 1890) it is highly probable that he collected what we recognize here as A. gilberti (Ref. 88068).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性.

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

North America: Mexico and USA; from Mazatlán, Sinaloa throughout the Gulf of California and outer coast of the Baja California peninsula, Mexico to California, USA.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.7 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 88068)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 17-18; 臀鰭軟條: 8 - 9. Albula gilberti is distinguished from A. esuncula by the following characters: the pelvic-fin tip reach the posterior edge of the anus (vs. tip not surpassing the anterior edge); pelvic-fin rays varies from 9 to 12 (vs. always 10); lateral-line scale counts 68-73 (vs. 68-71); and, gill rakers on first gill arch are higher, 4-10 (vs. 3-8). Since only four or nine specimens were examined for A. esuncula, the diagnostic value of the meristic differences between both species and the position of the pelvic-fin tip should not be considered validated yet and be used with caution. Albula gilberti also differs from A. esuncula by diagnostic nucleotide substitutions at 17 different sites in the 544 bp cytb gene segment; the cytb segment corresponds to nucleotide positions 14502-15045 in the complete mitochondrial genome of Albula glossodonta [GenBank accession no. AP002973; phylogenetic evidence suggests that the genome sequenced was actually from A. argentea (= A. forsteri) and not A. glossodonta (Pfeiler et al., 2006)] (Ref. 88068).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Spawning occurs in open waters. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 205).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Pfeiler, E., A.M. Van Der Heiden, R.S. Ruboyianes and T. Watts, 2011. Albula gilberti, a new species of bonefish (Albuliformes: Albulidae) from the eastern Pacific, and a description of adults of the parapatric A. esuncula. Zootaxa 3088:1-14. (Ref. 88068)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5007   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00552 - 0.03150), b=3.04 (2.83 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .