Gollum suluensis, Sulu Gollumshark

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Gollum suluensis Last & Gaudiano, 2011

Sulu Gollumshark
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Image of Gollum suluensis (Sulu Gollumshark)
Gollum suluensis
Female picture by Last, P.R./Gaudiano, J.P.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Pseudotriakidae (False catsharks)
Etymology: Gollum: Named for the antihero of Tolkien’s “Lord of the Rings” trilogy, to which G. attenuatus “bears some resemblance in form and habits”. (See ETYFish);  suluensis: -ensis, Latin suffix denoting place: Sulu Sea, Philippines, type locality. (See ETYFish).
More on authors: Last & Gaudiano.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch. Tropical

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Known only from off Palawan Island (Philippines) in the western sector of the Sulu Sea basin; collected on the insular slope at about 730 m depth (Ref. 87759).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 58.5 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 87759)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

A small species of Gollum with the following combination of characters: body soft; head bell-shaped with a broadly parabolic snout; direct preorbital snout length 2.1–2.4 times eye length; preoral length 0.8–1.0 of mouth width, 1.3 times prenarial length; eye 1.4–1.5 times nostril length, more than 4.8 times spiracle length; head relatively broad, 12–14% TL; direct preorbital snout length 1.2–1.4 times interorbital space; head length 2.3–2.6 times mouth width, 8.0–9.0 times nostril width, 3.0–3.5 times preventral caudal-fin margin; length of pectoral-fin anterior margin 2.2–2.5 times its base; first dorsal-fin inner margin 0.5–0.6 of pectoral-fin base; second dorsal-fin base 10–12% TL; ventral head dusky, not strongly contrasted with dorsal surface along its lateral margin; posterior edges of dorsal fins not excessively concave; tips of dorsal fins dark; ventral margin of caudal fin dusky, not strongly contrasted with rest of fin; mouth dark; monospondylous centra 44–45, diplospondylous centra 107–109, total centra 151–154 (Ref. 87759).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Last, P.R. and J.P. Gaudiano, 2011. Gollum suluensis sp. nov. (Carcharhiniformes: Pseudotriakidae), a new gollumshark from the southern Philippines. Zootaxa 3002:17-30. (Ref. 87759)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 November 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.8125   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00140 - 0.00989), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .