Okamejei cairae, Borneo Sand Skate

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Okamejei cairae Last, Fahmi & Ishihara 2010

Borneo Sand Skate
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Okamejei cairae
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
Etymology: cairae: Named for the Connecticut-based parasitologist, Dr Janine Caira.  More on authors: Last, Fahmi & Ishihara.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino benthopelagico.   Tropical

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Western Pacific: off western Borneo, South China Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 34 - 35.5 cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 84285); 39.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: disc with narrowly rounded apices, not broad, width 61-70% TL, 1.2-1.3 times its length; snout angle 84-106°; moderately long tail, length 0.9-1.1 in distance from snout tip to rear of cloaca; slender tail, width 1.2-1.7 times height at its midlength, 1.1-1.7 times at first dorsal-fin origin; pre-upper jaw length 14-16% TL, 1.8-2.1 times internasal width; ventral length 27-30% TL; snout length 2.8-3.6 times interorbital width; orbit diameter 93-103% interorbital width in large males, 69-89% in females; first dorsal-fin height 2.3-3.0 its base length; distance from first dorsal-fin origin to tail tip 4.1-5.4 times first dorsal-fin base length, 2.9-3.2 times caudal-fin length; medium sized pelvic fins, length of posterior lobe 15-17% TL, length of anterior lobe 78-92% of posterior lobe; adult clasper about 22% TL, connected to pelvic-fin inner margin at about 40% of its length from cloaca in adult male; clasper glans expanded slightly, soft, claw-like funnel; anterior margins of both surfaces of disc of males with denticle bands, no dorsal bands in females and juveniles; 1-3 nuchal thorns present; malar thorn patch elongate and posteriorly positioned; tail thorns very small (rudimentary and possibly deciduous in mature males), in 5 irregular rows in both sexes and juveniles; total pectoral radials 78-84; centra: trunk 24-31, predorsal 68-75, total 123-141; 40-51 tooth rows in upper jaw; mainly yellowish to brownish with variable size clusters of fine brownish spots (sometimes faint) over most of dorsal disc; rostral cartilage not strongly demarcated from rest of snout; prominent, dark brown ocellate markings near rear tip, and often near center of each pectoral fin; ventral surface usually pale to medium greyish brown over head and abdomen, distinctly darker than paler area around margin of disc; ventral sensory pores large, silvery white with dark margins when fresh, uniformly black in preservative, not surrounded by greyish blotches, none on abdomen and pelvic girdle; each dorsal fin with a dark anterior saddle, caudal fin with 2 dark bars (Ref. 84285).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : McEachran, John | Collaboratori

Last, P.R., Fahmi and H. Ishihara, 2010. Okamejei cairae sp. nov. (Rajoidei: Rajidae), a new skate from the South China Sea. pp. 89-100. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of new sharks and rays from Borneo. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 32. (Ref. 84285)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, ricerca) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00144 - 0.00663), b=3.22 (3.05 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .